University of Oulu

Experimental determination of spin-spin coupling tensors applying NMR of partially oriented molecules

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Author: Kaski, Jaakko1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Sciences
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: 1999
Publish Date: 1999-06-02
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic Dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Science, University of Oulu, for public discussion in Raahensali (Auditorium L 10), on July 7th, 1999, at 12 noon.
Reviewer: Docent Yrjö Hiltunen
Professor Reino Laatikainen


The indirect spin-spin coupling is a molecular internuclear interaction, which is observable by utilizing NMR spectroscopy. This coupling, denoted J, is a second-order tensorial property that consists of rank-0, 1, and 2 components. The present thesis deals with the experimental determination of the rank-0 and rank-2 components of J tensors for different pairs of interacting nuclei by utilizing liquid crystal NMR (LC NMR) method.

The experimental information of the rank-2 component of the J tensor appears as Janiso, a combination of tensor elements. In LC NMR, Janiso is manifested as a contribution to the experimental anisotropic coupling (Dexp ) that contains also the corresponding internuclear dipolar coupling, D. The dipolar coupling is defined by the molecular geometry and average orientation, and affected by the molecular motions. Therefore, the molecular geometry and orientation have to be determined together with the studied Janiso couplings. The contributions to D couplings arising from the molecular vibrations and solvent-induced deformation of the molecular geometry are taken into account in the analysis of the experimental data; the contributions are presented briefly in this thesis.

The LC NMR experiments are performed for C6H6, HCONH2, C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, 1,4-C6H4F2, CH3F, CH2F2, CHF3, and CSiH6 molecules, and some important aspects of the liquid crystal NMR method are discussed. The obtained information of J tensors is compared with the theoretical ab initio MCSCF results. Finally, the systematics of the J tensors in different structural surroundings is found and the significance of the indirect contribution to the corresponding Dexp coupling is discussed.

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Series: Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. A, Scientiae rerum naturalium
ISSN-E: 1796-220X
ISBN: 951-42-5301-9
ISBN Print: 951-42-5285-3
Issue: 332
Copyright information: © University of Oulu, 1999. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.