Psykologinen ymmärtäminen; Psykodynaamisen metapsykologisen ja näyttämöllisen ymmärtämisen perusteet
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Education
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9514256417
|Publish Date:|| 2000-05-04
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Esitetään Oulun yliopiston kasvatustieteiden tiedekunnan suostumuksella julkisesti tarkastettavaksi Linnanmaan Kuusamonsalissa (YB 210) 9. kesäkuuta 2000 klo 12.
Professor Juha Perttula
The study deals with the foundations of psychological understanding grounded in methodology and the theory of interpretation. Psychology is understood as a reconstructive hermeneutic-dialectic science that explores subjective meaning giving. Reconstructive science attempts to reconstruct the deep structure that must be necessarily assumed for a certain surface structure phenomenon to be possible. In the science of psychology, the deep structure is understood in terms of events that are internal to the mind. The surface structure is understood as descriptions and expressions of experiences and as action and its social and cultural expressions. The study also examines the relation of psychological understanding to sociological understanding.
The study is built on four concepts that are essential for psychological understanding. Their examination provides the four research tasks through which psychological understanding is reconstructed: 1) the concept of psychological meaning, 2) the concept of psychological understanding, 3) the method of psychological understanding and 4) the theory of interpreting psychological understanding.
The background for the study is provided by the hermeneutic theory and the psychodynamic psychoanalytical theory and thinking, on the basis of which psychological understanding is reconstructed. The study defines mind, the research object of psychology, as a world of experience that is understood to be phenomenal and meaningful. Meaning is defined as a position in psychic connections, determined by psychic connections. Subjective meaning-giving is seen in relation to the individual's experience of one's own self. Psychological understanding is defined in the psychic connections of the position of the phenomenon as insight and showing. Methodologically, psychological understanding is defined as the formation of an abstract image of the internal mental event in which the phenomenon acquires a position in psychic connections. The theory of interpreting psychological understanding is understood in terms of general interpretations used to identify the phenomenon and show its psychic connections.
The theory of psychological interpretation is reconstructed by means of psychoanalytical metapsychology and its scenic interpretation. Metapsychological and scenic understanding are distinguished by means of a different way of conceptualising mind and understanding. In metapsychological understanding mind is conceptualised through psychoanalytical metapsychology. Scenic understanding makes use of the analogy with a scene. Mind is understood as a scene in which experiences are presented in the form of dialogues and tales. The analogy with the scene is also used methodologically. The methodology of psychological understanding is examined through theoretical hermeneutic examinations targeted at psychoanalysis. The study also examines briefly the psychological understanding research process illuminated by a research example as well as the issues of credibility, problems and sources of error in understanding psychological research.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. E, Scientiae rerum socialium
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