Magnetic resonance image distortions due to artificial macroscopic objects : an example: correction of image distortion caused by an artificial hip prosthesis
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology
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|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:951426827X
|Publish Date:|| 2002-11-27
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Academic Dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, for public discussion in the Auditorium 7 of the University Hospital of Oulu, on September 27th, 2002, at 12 noon.
Doctor Jukka Jauhiainen
Professor Jukka Jokisaari
Docent Seppo Koskinen
Eddy currents and susceptibility differences are the most important sources that interfere with the quality of MR images in the presence of an artificial macroscopic object in the volume to be imaged. In this study, both of these factors have been examined.
The findings show that the RF field is the most important cause of induced eddy currents when gradients with relatively slow slew rates are used. The induced eddy currents amplify or dampen the RF field with the result that the flip angle changes. At the proximal end in the vicinity of the hip prosthesis surface, there have been areas where the flip angle is nearly threefold compared to the reference flip angle. Areas with decreased flip angles have also been found near the surface of the prosthesis top. The incompleteness of the image due to eddy currents manifests as signal loss areas.
Two different methods based on MRI were developed to estimate the susceptibility of a cylindrical object. One of them is based on geometrical distortions in SE magnitude images, while the other takes advantage of phase differences in GRE phase images. The estimate value of the Profile™ test hip prosthesis is χ = (170 ± 13) 10-6.
A remapping method was selected to correct susceptibility image distortions. Correction was accomplished with pixel shifts in the frequency domain. The magnetic field distortions were measured using GRE phase images. The method was tested by simulations and by imaging a hip prosthesis in a water tank and in a human pelvis. The main limitations of the method described here are the loss of a single-valued correction map with higher susceptibility differences and the problems with phase unwrapping in phase images. Modulation transfer functions (MTF) were exploited to assess the effect of correction procedure. The corrected image of a prosthesis in a human hip after total hip arthroplasty appears to be equally sharp or slightly sharper than the corresponding original images.
The computer programs written for this study are presented in an appendix.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. D, Medica
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