Adenovirus endocytosis and adenoviral gene transfer in cardiovascular and dermatologic disease models
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology
2University of Oulu, Biocenter Oulu
3University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9514274342
|Publish Date:|| 2004-09-10
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Academic Dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, for public discussion in the Auditorium of the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, on September 10th, 2004, at 12 noon.
Docent Ken A. Lindstedt
Doctor of Philosophy Mikko Turunen
Adenoviral gene transfer is a valuable tool in molecular biology research. In order to be an efficient and safe vector, adenovirus structure and infection mechanism as well as molecular biology of the used transgene need to be well studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of adenovirus as a gene transfer vector from several perspectives. Adenovirus uses receptor-mediated endocytosis in order to enter the target cell. The effect of Rab5 GTPase on adenovirus entry and gene transfer efficiency was examined first. Next, adenovirus was used as an investigatory tool in the cardiovascular research, focused on clarifying the role of adrenomedullin (AM) in heart and vascular remodeling. Finally, a model of adenoviral gene transfer into skin fibroblasts was used.
The role of Rab5 GTPase in the adenovirus endocytosis was examined in HeLa cells using Cy3-labeled adenovirus, and gene transfer efficiency using β-galactosidase encoding adenovirus. Rab5 increased both adenovirus uptake and gene transfer, whereas dominant negative Rab5S34N decreased both endocytosis and gene transfer. The data indicate that Rab5 is needed in mediating the adenovirus uptake into the target cell.
In the rat heart, adenovirus-mediated AM gene transfer transiently improved systolic function both in vivo and in vitro. AM caused activation of translocation of protein kinases C ε and δ, whereas phosphorylation of p38 mitogen activated protein kinase was decreased in the left ventricle. AM significantly attenuated the development of angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy. In rats with myocardial infarction, AM enhanced dilatation of left ventricle and thinning of anterior wall. The role of AM in neointima formation was evaluated in rat artery after endothelial injury. Intravascular AM gene transfer decreased neointimal growth and increased neointimal myofibroblasts apoptosis. These results show that AM regulates left ventricular systolic function and remodeling in the heart, and plays a role in pathological vascular remodeling.
Adenovirus-mediated lysyl hydroxylase (LH) gene transfer into skin fibroblasts of type VI Ehlers-Danlos syndrome patient and rat skin increased functional LH production, elevated LH activity, and human LH mRNA production both in vitro and in vivo. LH gene replacement therapy may thus lead to possibilities to improve skin wound healing in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome patients.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. D, Medica
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