Advances in routine measurement of cardiac damage and cardiovascular risk markers
|Organizations:||University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry
University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9514276388
|Publish Date:|| 2005-02-25
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Academic Dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, for public discussion in the Auditorium 8 of Oulu University Hospital, on February 25th, 2005, at 12 noon
Docent Matti Laitinen
Docent Kari Pulkki
The development of commercially available assays from the measurement of enzyme activity to mass concentrations of proteins, especially the assays of cardiac troponin I and T, has been the most important innovation in the field of cardiovascular laboratory diagnostics over the decade. The availability of a simple, rapid test using whole blood to facilitate processing and to reduce the turnaround time could improve the management of patients presenting with chest pain.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the analytical and clinical performance of a new time-resolved fluorometry-based immunology technology using the cardiac marker and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein assays. In addition, the use of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein assay for the investigation of patients with acute atrial fibrillation and the influence of heparin for cardiac marker assays were studied.
The levels of precision attained with pooled serum and plasma samples and control materials were acceptable. The assays were found to be linear within the ranges tested. The correlation coefficient between the Innotrac Aio! 1st generation cTnI and Abbott AxSYM cTnI assays was 0.960, and the slope was 0.07. The correlations between the 2nd generation Innotrac Aio!, Access AccuTnI and Abbott AxSYM assays were good, but there were biases between the methods. The correlation coefficients between the Innotrac Aio! and Abbott AxSYM CK-MB and myoglobin assays were 0.995 and 0.971, respectively, but the Innotrac Aio! CK-MB assay yielded about 9% higher values than the Abbott assay. The correlations between Innotrac Aio! usCRP and Cobas Integra CRP latex and between Innotrac Aio! usCRP and Hitachi CRP (Latex ) HS were good. Furthermore, the sample material correlation studies showed no significant differences when the Innotrac Aio! System was used. However, the mean Abbott AxSYM CK-MB values and the cTnI values for heparin plasma samples were 17% higher and about 15% lower than for serum samples, respectively. In the investigation of CRP levels in patients with acute atrial fibrillation CRP tended to be higher in the patients with acute FA, and there was a positive correlation between the concentrations of CRP and IL-6.
The results demonstrate the excellent analytical performance of the Innotrac Aio! 2nd generation cTnI, myoglobin, CK-MB and usCRP assays, and all the matrices, including serum, plasma and whole blood, are suitable sample matrices to be used with these methods without further standardization.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. D, Medica
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