University of Oulu

Insulin-related metabolic and endocrine effects of valproate in patients with epilepsy

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Author: Pylvänen, Virpi1,2,3
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology
2University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry
3University of Helsinki, Hospital for Children and Adolescents
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9514278240
Language: English
Published: 2005
Publish Date: 2005-08-23
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic Dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, for public discussion in the Auditorium 8 of Oulu University Hospital, on September 2nd, 2005, at 12 noon.
Reviewer: Professor Matti Sillanpää
Professor Erik Tauboll
Description:

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the background of valproate-related weight gain and hyperinsulinaemia both in men and women by studying markers of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. In addition, the role of leptin, a messenger between adipose tissue and the central nervous system was studied.

Valproate has a broad spectrum of antiepileptic activity and is widely used for the treatment of epilepsy. It has been the drug of choice for generalised epilepsy, such as juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, and it is also effective for treatment of partial seizures. In addition, valproate is used to treat other diseases, such as bipolar psychiatric disorders and migraine.

The results show that valproate-treated patients have higher serum insulin levels in relation to body mass index than control subjects. This indicates that the high serum insulin levels are not a consequence of increased body mass, especially, as the body mass index did not differ between the VPA treated patients and the control groups. Valproate therapy started at a young age may more often result in elevated serum insulin levels and associated other untoward metabolic changes. Furthermore, according to the present data, high serum insulin levels are a consequence of compromised metabolism of insulin in the liver, rather than reflecting reduced insulin sensitivity. However, the valproate-treated patients cluster risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, although the occurrence of metabolic syndrome is not more common in valproate-treated patients than in control subjects. Leptin does not play an independent role in valproate-related weight gain.

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Series: Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. D, Medica
ISSN-E: 1796-2234
ISBN: 951-42-7824-0
ISBN Print: 951-42-7823-2
Issue: 843
Subjects:
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