Charge-domain sampling of high-frequency signals with embedded filtering
|Organizations:||University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Electrical and Information Engineering
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9514279875
|Publish Date:|| 2006-01-18
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Academic Dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of
Technology, University of Oulu, for public discussion in Raahensali (Auditorium L 10), Linnanmaa, on January 27th, 2006, at 12 noon
Professor Saska Lindfors
Professor Jiren Yuan
Subsampling can be used in a radio receiver to perform signal downconversion and sample-and-hold operations in order to relieve the operation frequency and bandwidth requirements of the subsequent discrete-time circuitry. However, due to the inherent aliasing behaviour of wideband noise and interference in subsampling, and the difficulty of implementing appropriate bandpass anti-aliasing filtering at high frequencies, straightforward use of a low subsampling rate can result in significant degradation of the receiver dynamic range. The aim of this thesis is to investigate and implement methods for integrating filtering into high-frequency signal sampling and downconversion by subsampling to alleviate the requirements for additional front-end filters and to mitigate the effects of noise and out-of-band signal aliasing, thereby facilitating use in integrated high-quality radio receivers.
The charge-domain sampling technique studied here allows simple integration of both continuous-and discrete-time filtering functions into high-frequency signal sampling. Gated current integration results in a lowpass sin(x)/x(sinc(x)) response capable of performing built-in anti-aliasing filtering in baseband signal sampling. Weighted integration of several successive current samples can be further used to obtain an embedded discrete-time finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering response, which can be used for internal anti-aliasing and image-rejection filtering in the downconversion of bandpass signals by subsampling. The detailed analysis of elementary charge-domain sampling circuits presented here shows that the use of integrated FIR filtering with subsampling allows acceptable noise figures to be achieved and can provide effective internal anti-aliasing rejection.
The new methods for increasing the selectivity of elementary charge-domain sampling circuits presented here enable the integration of advanced, digitally programmable FIR filtering functions into high-frequency signal sampling, thereby markedly relieving the requirements for additional anti-aliasing, image rejection and possibly even channel selection filters in a radio receiver.
BiCMOS and CMOS IF sampler implementations are presented in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the charge-domain sampling technique for integrated anti-aliasing and image-rejection filtering in IF signal quadrature downconversion by subsampling. Circuit measurements show that this sampling technique for built-in filtering results in an accurate frequency response and allows the use of high subsampling ratios while still achieving a competitive dynamic range.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
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