University of Oulu

Utilisation of non-linear modelling methods in flue-gas oxygen-content control

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Author: Leppäkoski, Kimmo1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: 2006
Publish Date: 2006-10-25
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic dissertation to be presented, with the assent of the Faculty of Technology of the University of Oulu, for public defence in Kuusamonsali (Auditorium YB210), Linnanmaa, on November 3rd, 2006, at 12 noon
Reviewer: Doctor Jean-Peter Ylén
Professor Raimo Ylinen


Non-linear methods have been utilised in modelling the processes on a flue-gas oxygen-content control system of a power plant. The ultimate objective is to reduce NOx and CO emissions by enhancing the control system. By investigating the flue-gas emission control strategy, the major factors affecting the flue-gas emissions have been determined. A simulator has been constructed, and it emulates a real process automation system and its physical processes. The process models of the simulator are: a flue-gas oxygen-content model, a secondary air flow model, a primary air flow model and a fuel feeding screw model (a fuel flow). The effort has been focused on two plant models: the flue-gas oxygen-content model and the secondary air flow model. Combustion is a non-linear, timevariant, multi-variable process with a variable delay. The secondary air model is a non-linear, timeinvariant (in principle), multi-variable system. Both phenomenological modelling (mass and energy calculations) and black-box modelling (neural networks) have been utilised in the Wiener/Hammerstein structures. It is possible to use a priori knowledge in model modifying, and therefore the model of flue-gas oxygen-content can be tuned on site. The simulator with precalculated parameters was tested in a full-scale power plant and a pilot-scale circulating fluidised bed boiler. The results in the power plant were remarkable since NOx emissions decreased significantly without increasing CO emissions.

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Series: Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
ISSN-E: 1796-2226
ISBN: 951-42-8241-8
ISBN Print: 951-42-8240-X
Issue: 257
Copyright information: © University of Oulu, 2006. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.