Models and methods for geometric computer vision
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Electrical and Information Engineering
2University of Oulu, Infotech Oulu
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|Academic dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Technology of the University of Oulu for public defence in OP-sali (Auditorium L10), Linnanmaa, on 7 May 2010, at 12 noon
Doctor Peter Sturm
Professor Kalle Åström
Automatic three-dimensional scene reconstruction from multiple images is a central problem in geometric computer vision. This thesis considers topics that are related to this problem area. New models and methods are presented for various tasks in such specific domains as camera calibration, image-based modeling and image matching. In particular, the main themes of the thesis are geometric camera calibration and quasi-dense image matching. In addition, a topic related to the estimation of two-view geometric relations is studied, namely, the computation of a planar homography from corresponding conics. Further, as an example of a reconstruction system, a structure-from-motion approach is presented for modeling sewer pipes from video sequences.
In geometric camera calibration, the thesis concentrates on central cameras. A generic camera model and a plane-based camera calibration method are presented. The experiments with various real cameras show that the proposed calibration approach is applicable for conventional perspective cameras as well as for many omnidirectional cameras, such as fish-eye lens cameras. In addition, a method is presented for the self-calibration of radially symmetric central cameras from two-view point correspondences.
In image matching, the thesis proposes a method for obtaining quasi-dense pixel matches between two wide baseline images. The method extends the match propagation algorithm to the wide baseline setting by using an affine model for the local geometric transformations between the images. Further, two adaptive propagation strategies are presented, where local texture properties are used for adjusting the local transformation estimates during the propagation. These extensions make the quasi-dense approach applicable for both rigid and non-rigid wide baseline matching.
In this thesis, quasi-dense matching is additionally applied for piecewise image registration problems which are encountered in specific object recognition and motion segmentation. The proposed object recognition approach is based on grouping the quasi-dense matches between the model and test images into geometrically consistent groups, which are supposed to represent individual objects, whereafter the number and quality of grouped matches are used as recognition criteria. Finally, the proposed approach for dense two-view motion segmentation is built on a layer-based segmentation framework which utilizes grouped quasi-dense matches for initializing the motion layers, and is applicable under wide baseline conditions.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
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