University of Oulu

Attenuating amplitude of pulsating pressure in a low-pressure hydraulic system by an adaptive Helmholtz resonator

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Author: Kela, Lari1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: 2010
Publish Date: 2010-04-27
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic dissertation to be presented, with the assent of the Faculty of Technology of the University of Oulu, for public defence in Auditorium IT115, Linnanmaa, on May 7th, 2010, at 12 noon
Reviewer: Professor Jan Lundberg
Professor Aki Mikkola


The adaptive Helmholtz resonator for decreasing harmonic pulsating pressure in a low-pressure hydraulic system is presented in this study. Adaptivity is executed by both open loop and closed loop controls so that continuous -20dB attenuation of the peak-to-peak value of the amplitude of pressure is reached.

The study begins by a theory review including the theory of effective bulk modulus, sound velocity measurements, adjustable dynamic vibration absorbers and control methods of dynamic vibration absorbers. The main target of the paper, the Helmholtz resonator, is presented in its own chapter, albeit it is noted to be one application of the dynamic vibration absorber. The review is completed by the analytical model of the hydraulic pipe with a T-filter or Helmholtz resonator.

After the theory review, the test equipment and its characteristics are presented. The main parts of the test equipment were a main pipe and an adjustable Helmholtz resonator, which were both developed for this study. Certain properties of the hydraulic oils used were determined experimentally to increase understanding of the system.

The experimental section includes sound velocity measurements, sonic bulk modulus definitions, measurements of the resonant frequencies of the adaptive Helmholtz resonator in the test equipment, and tests of the open loop and closed loop control of the resonator. Control is verified to maintain -20dB attenuating of pressure pulsations in the system.

The presented Helmholtz resonator and controls are available for installation into a hydraulic system to damp out harmonic vibrations at low frequency. For example, the roll in the size press of a paper machine might become excited to vibrate at its resonance frequency after the paper wad has washed through the nip. In that case, tuned Helmholtz resonators in the hydraulic cylinders of the size press would damp out the pulsating pressures, and if the resonators are adaptive, as presented in this study, they can operate in a wider frequency range.

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Series: Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
ISSN-E: 1796-2226
ISBN: 978-951-42-6160-2
ISBN Print: 978-951-42-6159-6
Issue: 354
Copyright information: © University of Oulu, 2010. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.