University of Oulu

Optical method for liquid sorption measurements in paper

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Author: Fabritius, Tapio1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Electrical and Information Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: 2007
Publish Date: 2007-04-17
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic dissertation to be presented, with the assent of the Faculty of Technology of the University of Oulu, for public defence in Auditorium TS101, Linnanmaa, on April 27th, 2007, at 12 noon
Reviewer: Docent Raimo Silvennoinen
Professor Toyohiko Yatagai


This thesis presents an effective optical method for measuring liquid sorption into paper. From the two tested methods, based on a streak-camera and optical coherence tomography (OCT), the last-mentioned proved very promising for investigating dynamical paper-liquid interactions as spatially and temporally dependent processes.

The streak-camera measurements were performed to explore the relationship between paper properties and light migration in dry and refractive index matched paper in general. Based on streak-camera measurements, a novel procedure for determining the average refractive index of cellulose fibre tissue was also presented here. In addition, the streak camera method lent itself to paper porosity determination.

Results of the performed OCT measurements proved that liquids cannot penetrate into paper before filling the pores and pits of the paper surface. As a liquid penetrated into paper, the border between the wetted and dry area could be investigated in the depth direction. The liquid penetration velocity seemed to be slower at the beginning and end of the process. Liquid absorption into paper fibres could be investigated concurrently. For the first time, the location and moment of structural changes in paper could be determined during wetting, and the effect of three different coexistent subprocesses related to paper wetting could be detected. OCT only fell short of detecting the effect of liquid migration along fibres.

Despite the limitations of the utilized method (resolution, probing depth and depth scanning rate), the obtained OCT measurement results are very promising for the development of an effective paper wetting measurement device for industrial applications. Even if this thesis focused on paper wetting, it is reasonable to assert that the presented ideas and obtained results have more general value in terms of explaining liquid penetration into porous structures and offer an alternative method of evaluating that process.

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Series: Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
ISSN-E: 1796-2226
ISBN: 978-951-42-8404-5
ISBN Print: 978-951-42-8403-8
Issue: 269
Copyright information: © University of Oulu, 2007. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.