Screening and cleaning of pulp—a study to the parameters affecting separation
|Organizations:||University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9789514284526
|Publish Date:|| 2007-06-05
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Academic dissertation to be presented, with the assent of the Faculty of Technology of the University of Oulu, for public defence in Kajaaninsali (Auditorium L6), Linnanmaa, on June 15th, 2007, at 12 noon
Professor Jari Käyhkö
Doctor Kari Luukko
The objective of this thesis was to determine the effects of design, operational and furnish quality parameters on pressure screen and hydrocyclone performance.
The general contradictory interrelationships between capacity and selectivity in pressure screening and cleaning are commonly recognized, but deep understanding of the effects of design, operational and furnish quality parameters on the state of operation is missing.
As separation selectivity is closely dependent on thickening and pulp passage, an operation curve for separation was applied and its application further developed to examine the parameters affecting pressure screen and hydrocyclone separation. New information was found on the geometry of the screen plate, furnish quality parameters in pressure screen fibre fractionation, and the hydrocyclone separation of fibres, sand and gases.
The capacity increases achieved by changes in the wire screen plate geometry were found to be achieved at the cost of separation selectivity in probability screening. The capacity of the screen plate was affected by the flow on the screen plate and through it. The hydraulic resistance both in the forward and reverse flow directions was found to be of great importance for the capacity of the screen plate. Previously unreported knowledge was found regarding the effects of wire width, height and shape.
Pressure screening capacity was found to decrease with increasing fibre length, fibre network strength and flocculation. Pressure screen fibre fractionation selectivity was increased by broadening of the fibre length distribution of the feed furnish.
The furnish properties also affected the separation selectivity of fibres, sand and gases in the hydrocyclone. An increase in fibre network strength reduced the separation selectivity of the hydrocyclone separation of fibres and sand. Any increase in the specific surface area, and especially in the amount of fines, was found to make gas removal more challenging. It was concluded that a broader range of the specific surface distribution can increase the selectivity of fibre fractionation in the hydrocyclone.
Knowledge of the general effects of design, operational and furnish quality parameters on the performance of pressure screen and hydrocyclone separation was deepened as a result of this work, which provides a framework for studying these effects further in pursuit of the general objective of maximizing capacity and selectivity while minimizing energy and investment costs.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
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