University of Oulu

Improving the performance of the semi-active tuned mass damper

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Author: Liedes, Toni1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: 2009
Publish Date: 2009-05-19
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Technology of the University of Oulu for public defence in Raahensali (Auditorium L10), Linnanmaa, on 29 May 2009, at 12 noon
Reviewer: Doctor Petri Makkonen
Doctor Mikko Sallinen


The tuned mass damper (TMD) is a well-known and approved concept for resonance vibration control. However, as a fully passive device, the traditional TMD has a limited operating band and rather poor robustness against parameter variations. To overcome these weaknesses, a semi-active control can be applied to TMD. As a result, a more effective and flexible device can be attained. In theory, the application of the semi-active scheme is straightforward and the gain in performance is considerable. In practice, however, the non-idealities associated with actuators and control systems degrade the performance.

In this thesis, the dynamic behaviour of a semi-active TMD with groundhook control was studied both numerically and experimentally. The semi-active scheme studied is based on groundhook control and a dry-friction damper is used as an actuator in rapid damping modulation. The performance of the semi-active TMD was evaluated in terms of two performance indices which are calculated from the normalised displacement response in the frequency domain. Also, parametric studies were conducted to find out how the different parameters influence the system performance. It is shown that the non-idealities in the semi-active damper have a significant influence on the performance of a groundhook controlled semi-active TMD.

On the basis of simulations, a new parameterised semi-active control method was developed. The method is treated as a generalised groundhook control, and it involves a parameter through which the dynamic behaviour of a semi-active TMD can be affected both online and offline. The new method does not require an actuator model. The method developed opens the way for effective use of a non-ideal semi-active actuator, thus ensuring the good performance of the semi-active TMD. Also, the semi-active TMD’s sensitivity for certain parameter variation decreases considerably.

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Series: Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. C, Technica
ISSN-E: 1796-2226
ISBN: 978-951-42-9125-8
ISBN Print: 978-951-42-9124-1
Issue: 322
Copyright information: © University of Oulu, 2009. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.