The search for susceptibility genes in osteoarthritis
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
2University of Oulu, Biocenter Oulu
3University of Oulu, Center for Cell Matrix Research
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:9789514291449
|Publish Date:|| 2009-06-01
|Thesis type:||Doctoral Dissertation
|Defence Note:||Academic dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Oulu for public defence in Auditorium 101 A of the Faculty of Medicine (Aapistie 5 A), on 11 June 2009, at 12 noon
Docent Jari Arokoski
Docent Janna Saarela
This work engaged Finnish females affected with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hand to define the role of common sequence variations within the genes of the important structural protein of cartilage, aggrecan (AGC1), and the genes of inflammatory mediators, the interleukin 1 gene cluster and interleukin 6 (IL6), as possible risk factors for the disease. Also, a genome-wide linkage analysis was performed in a sample consisting of Finnish families with multiple individuals affected with hip and knee OA in order to reveal new chromosomal areas that are likely to contain disease associated variations.
OA is a chronic disease that leads to the degeneration of articular cartilage in synovial joints. The etiology of the disease is for the most part unknown. Joints of the hand, hip and knee are most commonly affected, and obesity, trauma and excess mechanical stress are known risk factors for the disease. OA also has a significant genetic component.
AGC1 carries a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism, which may be significant for the biomechanical properties of cartilage. It was shown that the most common allele with 27 tandem repeats is protective against hand OA (HOA) (odds ratio 0.46, 95% confidence interval 0.27–0.78). Also, carrying two copies of any of the shorter or longer alleles increased the risk of the disease.
Inflammation seems to play a role in the etiology of OA and certain polymorphisms within the interleukin 1 gene cluster and IL6 have been previously shown to increase the transcription of these molecules and to associate with OA. In this study it was shown that the G alleles in three common IL6 promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites are associated with the risk of more severe forms of HOA (p = 0.001 for GGG haplotype). A SNP in IL1B associated with the bilateral form of the disease (p = 0.006) and two IL1B-IL1RN extended haplotype alleles were associated with the same phenotype.
Genome-wide and fine mapping linkage analyses recognized chromosomal locus 2q21 with a multipoint LOD score of 3.96. Despite the association analyses of several candidate genes within the locus, no disease-associating sequence variants were identified.
Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. D, Medica
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