University of Oulu

3D structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath Northern Fennoscandian shield

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Author: Silvennoinen, Hanna1,2
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Oulu Mining School
2University of Oulu, Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 9.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: 2015
Publish Date: 2015-12-02
Thesis type: Doctoral Dissertation
Defence Note: Academic dissertation to be presented with the assent of the Doctoral Training Committee of Technology and Natural Sciences of the University of Oulu, in GO101 lecture hall of the University of Oulu on 18th December 2015 at 11 o'clock.
Tutor: Professor Elena Kozlovskaya
Professor Pertti Kaikkonen
Reviewer: Associate Professor Vadim Levin
Associate Professor Mariusz Majdanski
Opponent: Professor Ulrich Achauer


The crustal and upper mantle structures of the Shield on the regional scale were investigated using the data of the POLENET/LAPNET passive seismic array and the previously published models of active and passive seismic experiments in the study area. This area is centred in northern Finland and it extends to surrounding areas in Sweden, Norway and northwestern Russia. The bedrock there is mostly of the Archaean origin and the lithosphere of the region was reworked by two orogenies during Palaeoproterozoic.

One of the results of the thesis was a new map of the Moho depth of the study area, for which new estimates of the crustal thickness were obtained using receiver function method and complemented by published results of receiver function studies and controlled source seismic profiles. The map differs from the previously published maps in two locations, where we found significant deepening of the Moho. The 3D structure of the upper mantle was studied using teleseismic traveltime tomography method. The resulting model shows high seismic velocities below three cratonic units of the study area, which may correspond to non-reworked fragments of cratonic lithosphere and a low velocity anomaly separating these cratonic units from each other.

The regional scale studies were complemented by two smaller scale studies in upper crust level using combined interpretation of seismic profiling and gravity data. These studies were centred on Archaean Kuhmo Greenstone Belt in eastern Finland and central Lapland in northern Finland located in the crust reworked during Palaeoproterozoic. Both areas are considered as prospective ones for mineral exploration. Both studies demonstrate the advantage of gravity data inversion in studying 3D density structure of geologically interesting formations, when the Bouguer anomaly data is combined with a priori information from petrophysical and seismic datasets.

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Series: Sodankylä geophysical observatory publications
ISSN: 1456-3673
ISSN-L: 1456-3673
ISBN: 978-952-62-1068-1
ISBN Print: 978-952-62-1067-4
Issue: 111
Copyright information: © University of Oulu, 2015. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.