University of Oulu

Rönkkö, E.; Luusua, A.; Aarrevaara, E.; Herneoja, A.; Muilu, T. New Resource-Wise Planning Strategies for Smart Urban-Rural Development in Finland. Systems 2017, 5, 10

New resource-wise planning strategies for smart urban-rural development in Finland

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Author: Rönkkö, Emilia1; Luusua, Anna1; Aarrevaara, Eeva2;
Organizations: 1Oulu School of Architecture, University of Oulu, Oulu FI-90014, Finland
2Faculty of Technology, University of Applied Sciences, Lahti FI-15110, Finland
3Natural Resources Institute (Luke), Economics and Society, Oulu FI-90014, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-03-03


This article discusses the opportunities and challenges for resource-wise development strategies in regional planning. Spatial planning integrates the key aspects, transportation, housing, and food production which are, on many occasions, stated as the most significant consumption factors causing environmental impacts. In light of the challenges that regions are currently facing in Finland, we are drawing attention to the role of strategic spatial planning as demand-responsive resource management, a theme which is still inadequately addressed within regional development and planning in Finland. In many other fields of society, innovative data-based products and demand- and user-driven services are considered important sources of success in the future. Such strategies combine different types of service providers, like deliveries for groceries or restaurant meals, mobile healthcare services, or public transport with on-demand services. We highlight the fact that a regionally large and sparsely populated country, such as Finland, cannot achieve success solely through centralisation. Instead, smart networking, co-creation, and innovative cyber-physical solutions are vital for the utilisation of the entire country’s resource potentiality. In conclusion, we underpin the need for a framework, which would offer a strategic support scheme for resource-wise development, resource optimization, and closure of yield gaps. In our view it is necessary to begin to envision, strategise, and develop user- and demand-responsive development strategies with a specific aim for sustainable, resource-wise ways of life in northern regions, also outside the growing urban centres, and innovate solutions that help individuals, communities, and the whole society to renew and manage resources wisely.

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Series: Systems
ISSN: 2079-8954
ISSN-E: 2079-8954
ISSN-L: 2079-8954
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Article number: 10
DOI: 10.3390/systems5010010
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 211 Architecture
519 Social and economic geography
Funding: The authors wish to thank the Academy of Finland (project 255487) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (project 1849/312/2012) for financial support.
Copyright information: © 2017 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (