University of Oulu

Jean-Nicolas Louis, Antonio Calo, Kauko Leiviskä, Eva Pongrácz, Environmental Impacts and Benefits of Smart Home Automation: Life Cycle Assessment of Home Energy Management System, IFAC-PapersOnLine, Volume 48, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 880-885, ISSN 2405-8963, (

Environmental impacts and benefits of smart home automation : life cycle assessment of home energy management system

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Author: Louis, Jean-Nicolas1; Calo, Antonio1; Leiviskä, Kauko2;
Organizations: 1Centre for Northern Environmental Technology, Thule Institute, University of Oulu, Oulu P.O.Box 7300 University of Oulu, Finland
2Control Engineering Laboratory, Dept. of Process and Environmental Engineering, University of Oulu, Oulu P.O.Box 7300 University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2015
Publish Date: 2017-03-08


This paper discusses the life-cycle environmental impact of Home Energy Management System (HEMS), in terms of their potential benefits and detrimental impacts. It is the expectation that adapting smart home automation (SHA) would lead to reduced electricity usage in the household and overall environmental advantages. The purpose of this research was to quantify the negative environmental impacts of SHA and balance them with their benefits. The evaluation of SHA has been done by conducting a generic Life cycle assessment study using SimaPro programme and the EcoInvent database. The LCA study concluded that the largest environmental impact of HEMS is the use-phase electricity consumption of home automation devices. The paper concludes that the energy payback time of home automation in term of the electricity consumption of the devices is negative by 1.6 years. The largest part of this is due to the energy consumption of smart plugs. Therefore, the paper concludes that in terms of home automation, we need to find the balance between what we actually need to control and the resulting energy consumption of the control system.

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Series: IFAC proceedings volumes
ISSN: 1474-6670
ISSN-E: 2405-8963
ISSN-L: 1474-6670
Volume: 48
Issue: 1
Pages: 880 - 885
DOI: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.05.158
Host publication: 8th Vienna international conference on mathematical modelling MATHMOD 2015 : proceedings
Host publication editor: Breitenecker, Felix
Kugi, Andreas
Troch, Inge
Conference: Vienna International Conference on Mathematical Modelling
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
218 Environmental engineering
Funding: The Thule Institute Doctoral Programme is acknowledged for financing this research.
Copyright information: Final accepted manuscript – Authors' version. ©2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.05.158