University of Oulu

Olli Sorsa, Henrik Romar, Ulla Lassi, Tanja Kallio, Co-electrodeposited Mesoporous PtM (M=Co, Ni, Cu) as an Active Catalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell, Electrochimica Acta, Volume 230, 10 March 2017, Pages 49-57, ISSN 0013-4686, (

Co-electrodeposited mesoporous PtM (M=Co, Ni, Cu) as an active catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell

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Author: Sorsa, Olli1; Romar, Henrik2; Lassi, Ulla2;
Organizations: 1Department of Chemistry, Aalto University School of Chemical Engineering, P.O. Box 16100, FI-00076, AALTO, Finland
2University of Oulu, Research Unit of Applied Chemistry, Talonpojankatu 2 B, FI-67100, KOKKOLA, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-03-16


Mesoporous thin films of PtCo, PtNi and PtCu are prepared by a single-step potentiostatic electrodeposition on a carbon substrate. Films are characterized by SEM, XRD, XRF and BET, and their activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is studied in an acidic three-electrode cell. The results are compared with both a commercial nanoparticle Pt/C catalyst and a Pt catalyst prepared using the same method. Additionally, the ORR activity of PtCo is studied in a fuel cell. The onset potential of ORR is found to be higher for all the electrodeposited catalysts compared to commercial Pt/C. The ORR activity of mesoporous Pt is found to be linearly dependent on the amount of deposited platinum within a platinum loading range of 0.1−0.5 mg cm⁻². All the mesoporous catalysts exhibited higher mass activity towards ORR than commercial Pt/C. Of the studied catalysts, PtCo is found to have the highest durability. Similar results are obtained in fuel cell experiments as PtCo exhibits enhanced durability and activity towards ORR, peak powers being 60, 70 and 90 mW gPt⁻¹ for commercial Pt/C, mesoporous Pt and mesoporous PtCo, respectively.

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Series: Electrochimica acta
ISSN: 0013-4686
ISSN-E: 1873-3859
ISSN-L: 0013-4686
Volume: 230
Pages: 49 - 57
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.01.158
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: The authors would like to thank the Academy of Finland (the DEMEC, SUPER and CloseLoop projects) and Freeport Cobalt for funding this work.
Copyright information: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. Accepted version released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License.