Hokkanen, S., Bhatnagar, A., Koistinen, A., Kangas, T., Lassi, U., Sillanpää, M. (2017) Comparison of adsorption equilibrium models and error functions for the study of sulfate removal by calcium hydroxyapatite microfibrillated cellulose composite. Environmental Technology, 39 (8), 952-966. doi:10.1080/09593330.2017.1317839
Comparison of adsorption equilibrium models and error functions for the study of sulfate removal by calcium hydroxyapatite microfibrillated cellulose composite
|Author:||Hokkanen, Sanna1; Bhatnagar, Amit2; Koistinen, Ari3;|
1Laboratory of Green Chemistry, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Mikkeli, Finland
2Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland
4Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Unit of Applied Chemistry, University of Jyvaskyla, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, Kokkola, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe201705156424
|Publish Date:|| 2018-05-03
In the present study, the adsorption of sulfates of sodium sulfate (Na₂SO₄) and sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) by calcium hydroxyapatite-modified microfibrillated cellulose was studied in the aqueous solution. The adsorbent was characterized using elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscope and elemental analysis in order to gain the information on its structure and physico-chemical properties. The adsorption studies were conducted in batch mode. The effects of solution pH, contact time, the initial concentration of sulfate and the effect of competing anions were studied on the performance of synthesized adsorbent for sulfate removal. Adsorption kinetics indicated very fast adsorption rate for sulfate of both sources (Na₂SO₄ and SLS) and the adsorption process was well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Experimental maximum adsorption capacities were found to be 34.53 mg g⁻¹ for sulfates of SLS and 7.35 mg g⁻¹ for sulfates of Na₂SO₄. The equilibrium data were described by the Langmuir, Sips, Freundlich, Toth and Redlich–Peterson isotherm models using five different error functions.
|Pages:||952 - 966|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
116 Chemical sciences
Authors are grateful to Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry (MVTT) for financial support.
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Environmental Technology on 3 May 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09593330.2017.1317839.