University of Oulu

Gad MM, Fouda SM, Al-Harbi FA, Näpänkangas R, Raustia A. PMMA denture base material enhancement : a review of fiber, filler, and nanofiller addition. International Journal of Nanomedicine 2017:12 3801–3812. DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S130722

PMMA denture base material enhancement : a review of fiber, filler, and nanofiller addition

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Author: Gad, Mohammed M1; Fouda, Shaimaa M1,2; Al-Harbi, Fahad A1;
Organizations: 11Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Medical Research Center, Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Dove Medical Press, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-07-05


This paper reviews acrylic denture base resin enhancement during the past few decades. Specific attention is given to the effect of fiber, filler, and nanofiller addition on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) properties. The review is based on scientific reviews, papers, and abstracts, as well as studies concerning the effect of additives, fibers, fillers, and reinforcement materials on PMMA, published between 1974 and 2016. Many studies have reported improvement of PMMA denture base material with the addition of fillers, fibers, nanofiller, and hybrid reinforcement. However, most of the studies were limited to in vitro investigations without bioactivity and clinical implications. Considering the findings of the review, there is no ideal denture base material, but the properties of PMMA could be improved with some modifications, especially with silanized nanoparticle addition and a hybrid reinforcement system.

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Series: International journal of nanomedicine
ISSN: 1176-9114
ISSN-E: 1178-2013
ISSN-L: 1176-9114
Volume: 2017
Issue: 12
Pages: 3801 - 3812
DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S130722
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
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