University of Oulu

GOMES, J., HURMELINNA, P., OLANDER, H. (2017) HR PRACTICES, KNOWLEDGE SHARING AND PROTECTION ACTIVITIES, AND PERFORMANCE — A MODERATION MODEL. International Journal of Innovation Management, 21 (05), 1740003. doi:10.1142/S1363919617400035

HR practices, knowledge sharing and protection activities, and performance : a moderation model

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Author: Gomes, Jorge F.S.1; Hurmelinna, Pia2; Olander, Heidi3
Organizations: 1ISEG – Lisbon School of Economics and Management, ULisboa, Portugal.
2University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4600, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
3School of Business and Management, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: World Scientific, 2017
Publish Date: 2018-05-31


Innovation and HRM practices are connected, but the nature of these linkages may not be completely understood. Practical examples where knowledge securing practices limit efficiency of creative work, and where rewarding established ways of work prevent new approaches from being tried, suggest that there are challenges. In this study, we examine the relationships between different forms of HRM practices, knowledge sharing and protection (i.e., knowledge activities), and performance outcomes. Our findings from empirical analysis among 150 firms suggest that HRM practices are positively related to subjective overall performance and innovation performance, and that knowledge sharing likewise has such a relationship with performance outcomes. Furthermore, when knowledge sharing is accompanied with HR practices targeted to securing knowledge, innovation performance can be improved. Knowledge securing also comes in play when it is combined with HR practices of personnel compensation and appraisal; in this case subjective performance is diminished. This leads us to suggest that companies might benefit from smart HRM systems.

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Series: International journal of innovation management
ISSN: 1363-9196
ISSN-E: 1757-5877
ISSN-L: 1363-9196
Volume: 21
Issue: 5
Article number: 1740003
DOI: 10.1142/S1363919617400035
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 512 Business and management
Copyright information: Electronic version of an article published as International Journal of Innovation Management, 21 (05), 1740003. doi:10.1142/S1363919617400035 © copyright World Scientific Publishing Company