University of Oulu

Alenius, T., Mökkönen, T., Holmqvist, E. et al. Veget Hist Archaeobot (2017) 26: 469.

Neolithic land use in the northern Boreal zone : high-resolution multiproxy analyses from Lake Huhdasjärvi, south-eastern Finland

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Author: Alenius, Teija1,2; Mökkönen, Teemu3; Holmqvist, Elisabeth1;
Organizations: 1Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, University of Helsinki, Unioninkatu 38 F, P.O.Box 59, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2Department of Archaeology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
3Department of Archaeology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-08-23


Two high-resolution pollen and charcoal analyses were constructed from sediments obtained from a small bay in eastern Finland in order to gain information on human activity during the Neolithic Stone Age, 5200–1800 BC. We used measurements of loss on ignition (LOI), magnetic susceptibility and geochemical analyses to describe the sedimentological characteristics. Palaeomagnetic dating and measurements of ¹³⁷Cs-activity were supported by ¹⁴C-datings. The analyses revealed human activity between 4400 and 3200 BC, which is synchronous with archaeological cultures defined through different stages of Comb Ware pottery types and Middle Neolithic pottery types with asbestos as a primary temper. Direct evidence of Hordeum cultivation was dated to 4040–3930 cal BC. According to the pollen data, more significant effort was put into the production of fibres from hemp and lime than the actual cultivation of food.

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Series: Vegetation history and archaeobotany
ISSN: 0939-6314
ISSN-E: 1617-6278
ISSN-L: 0939-6314
Volume: 26
Pages: 469 - 486
DOI: 10.1007/s00334-017-0606-2
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
111 Mathematics
Funding: The study was financed by the Academy of Finland through the Academy Research Fellow project “Land use, cultivation and animal husbandry during the Neolithic in North-Eastern Europe between c. 6000 and 1000 bc” granted to Teija Alenius (project 274851). Teemu Mökkönen was financed by the Academy of Finland for the project “The use of materials and the Neolithisation of north-east Europe (ca. 6000–1000 bc)”, University of Oulu (2013–2017).
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.