University of Oulu

Raza, G., Putaala, H., Hibberd, A., Alhoniemi, E., Tiihonen, K., Mäkelä, K., Herzig, K. (2017) Polydextrose changes the gut microbiome and attenuates fasting triglyceride and cholesterol levels in Western diet fed mice. Scientific Reports, 7 (1), . doi:10.1038/s41598-017-05259-3

Polydextrose changes the gut microbiome and attenuates fasting triglyceride and cholesterol levels in Western diet fed mice

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Author: Raza, Ghulam Shere1; Putaala, Heli2; Hibberd, Ashley A.3;
Organizations: 1Research unit of Biomedicine and Biocenter of Oulu, Department of Physiology, University of Oulu
2DuPont Nutrition and Health, Global Health and Nutrition Science
3DuPont Nutrition and Health, Genomics & Microbiome Science
4Avoltus Oy
5Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Poznan University of Medical Sciences
6Medical Research Center (MRC), University of Oulu, and University Hospital, Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.5 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe201708258221
Language: English
Published: Nature Publishing Group, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-08-25
Description:

Abstract

Obesity and dyslipidemia are hallmarks of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Polydextrose (PDX), a soluble fiber has lipid lowering effects. We hypothesize that PDX reduces triglycerides and cholesterol by influencing gut microbiota, which in turn modulate intestinal gene expression. C57BL/6 male mice were fed a Western diet (WD) ±75 mg PDX twice daily by oral gavage for 14 days. Body weight and food intake were monitored daily. Fasting plasma lipids, caecal microbiota and gene expression in intestine and liver were measured after 14 days of feeding. PDX supplementation to WD significantly reduced food intake (p < 0.001), fasting plasma triglyceride (p < 0.001) and total cholesterol (p < 0.05). Microbiome analysis revealed that the relative abundance of Allobaculum, Bifidobacterium and Coriobacteriaceae taxa associated with lean phenotype, increased in WD + PDX mice. Gene expression analysis with linear mixed-effects model showed consistent downregulation of Dgat1, Cd36, Fiaf and upregulation of Fxr in duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon in WD + PDX mice. Spearman correlations indicated that genera enriched in WD + PDX mice inversely correlated with fasting lipids and downregulated genes Dgat1, Cd36 and Fiaf while positively with upregulated gene Fxr. These results suggest that PDX in mice fed WD promoted systemic changes via regulation of the gut microbiota and gene expression in intestinal tract.
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Series: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
ISSN-E: 2045-2322
ISSN-L: 2045-2322
Volume: 7
Article number: 5294
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-05259-3
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05259-3
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3121 Internal medicine
3141 Health care science
Subjects:
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