University of Oulu

Sarkki S, Jokinen M, Nijnik M, Zahvoyska L and others (2017) Social equity in governance of ecosystem services: synthesis from European treeline areas. Clim Res 73:31-44.

Social equity in governance of ecosystem services : synthesis from European treeline areas

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Author: Sarkki, Simo1,2; Jokinen, Mikko3; Nijnik, Maria4;
Organizations: 1Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, PO Box 1000, 90014 University of Oulu
2Thule Institute, PO Box 7300, 90014 University of Oulu
3Natural Resources Institute Finland, Kolari Office
4The James Hutton Institute
5Institute of Ecological Economics, Ukrainian National Forestry University
6Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
8Forest Research, Northern Research Station
9Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Ecosystem Research Division
10Leibniz-Institut für ökologische Raumentwicklung (IÖR) e.V.
11Institute of Landscape Ecology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences
12Trstené 59, 032 21 Bobrovec, Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovak Republic
13Democritus University of Thrace, Department of Forestry and Management of the Environment and Natural Resources
14Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach (FEM)
15MOUNTFOR Project Centre, European Forest Institute (EFI)
16Research Center on Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO)
17Ukrainian Research Institute of Mountain Forestry
18Natural Resources Institute Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Inter-Research Science Center, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-10-25


Achieving social equity among local stakeholders should be a key objective for ecosystem service (ES) governance in Europe’s ecologically fragile treeline areas. The ES literature tends to be biased towards distributional equity and market-based instruments when assessing social equity of ES governance. In this study, we analyze a wide range of social equity procedures that have been applied in Europe, using 11 synthesized case studies of governance-related challenges and 75 proposals for governance enhancement from 8 European countries provided by researchers with expertise on treeline area governance. The proposals were grouped by inductive clustering into 10 procedural or distributional equity-related policy recommendations: (1) increase stakeholder collaboration, (2) balance interactions between horizontal and vertical governance levels, (3) increase ES education, (4) use science to guide decisions, (5) start collaboration at an early stage, (6) enhance transparency, (7) aim to mitigate negative impacts, (8) use an ES approach to identify synergistic goals for governance, (9) enhance balanced multi-functional land use, and (10) use market-based instruments to balance benefits and costs deriving from governance decisions. Finally, we discuss 5 more general proposals on how regulatory and market-based approaches could be linked to enhance both procedural and distributional equity of treeline area governance.

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Series: Climate research. Interactions of climate with organisms, ecosystems and human societies
ISSN: 0936-577X
ISSN-E: 1616-1572
ISSN-L: 0936-577X
Volume: 73
Issue: 1-2
Pages: 31 - 44
DOI: 10.3354/cr01441
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Funding: This study has been supported by the ESSEM COST-Action ES1203 ‘Enhancing the resilience capacity of sensitive mountain forest ecosystems under environmental change’ (SENSFOR), and by the Horizon 2020 project ‘Social innovation in marginalised rural areas’ (SIMRA), carried out under contract number 677622 with funds provided by the European Commission to the James Hutton Institute and the University of Oulu.
EU Grant Number: (677622) SIMRA - Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas
Copyright information: © The authors 2017. Open Access under Creative Commons by Attribution Licence. Use, distribution and reproduction are unrestricted. Authors and original publication must be credited. Publisher: Inter-Research ·