University of Oulu

Nijnik A, Nijnik M, Kopiy S, Zahvoyska L, Sarkki S, Kopiy L, Miller D (2017) Identifying and understanding attitudinal diversity on multi-functional changes in woodlands of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Clim Res 73:45-56.

Identifying and understanding attitudinal diversity on multi-functional changes in woodlands of the Ukrainian Carpathians

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Author: Nijnik, Albert1; Nijnik, Maria2; Kopiy, Serhiy3;
Organizations: 1Environmental Network Limited, The Hillocks, Tarland, Aboyne AB34 4TJ, Scotland, UK
2The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK
3Ukrainian National Forestry University, Gen. Chuprynky 103, Lviv 79057, Ukraine
4Thule Institute, PO Box 7300, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Inter-Research Science Center, 2017
Publish Date: 2017-11-08


This paper advances existing knowledge of stakeholder attitudes towards ecosystem-based forest strategies and management practices in marginalized mountain areas of the Ukrainian Carpathians. The principal research question was to analyse the state of affairs regarding multi-functional changes in upland woodlands, as viewed by relevant stakeholders. An ultimate goal was to assist decision-makers in evaluation (e.g. through stakeholder evaluation using the suggested method) and implementation (through stakeholder engagement) of sustainable policy and management decisions. The Q-method, with the sequential application of its correlation and factor analytical tools, was applied to elucidate a range of existing attitudes (e.g. towards the expansion of woodlands under climate change and other drivers) and the spectrum of sustainability (its ecological, economic and social components) to which they relate. Dominant attitudes of representatives of relevant stakeholder groups towards multi-functional changes in forestry in the Carpathian Mountains were revealed and analysed. Key factors influencing the attitudinal diversity were explained. The results improve our understanding of stakeholder priorities and of commonalities and differences in existing attitudes/perceptions, providing some indication of how the diversity of attitudes towards forestry changes (e.g. integration of woodlands in mountain landscapes) could potentially influence sustainable forestry decisions. At times, entirely opposite attitudes (e.g. of the so-called Conservationists and Productivists attitudinal groups) towards forestry practices and key objectives of forestry in the Carpathian uplands were revealed. However, people put strong emphasis on multi-functional forestry offering a range of benefits to people, the environment and the economy.

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Series: Climate research. Interactions of climate with organisms, ecosystems and human societies
ISSN: 0936-577X
ISSN-E: 1616-1572
ISSN-L: 0936-577X
Volume: 73
Issue: 1-2
Pages: 45 - 56
DOI: 10.3354/cr01448
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
616 Other humanities
Funding: The article is based on work from COST Action ES1203 SENSFOR (, coordinated by Prof. Kari Laine and Vice Chair, Prof. Oddvar Skre. We also thank the Scottish Government, who supported this research through their Rural Affairs and the Environment Strategic Research Programme and the European Commission for support provided to the project on Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas (SIMRA). This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No. 677622. It is coordinated by the James Hutton Institute and includes the University of Oulu.
EU Grant Number: (677622) SIMRA - Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas
Copyright information: © The authors 2017. Open Access under Creative Commons by Attribution Licence. Use, distribution and reproduction are unrestricted. Authors and original publication must be credited. Publisher: Inter-Research ·