University of Oulu

J.A. Sirviö, M. Visanko, N.C. Hildebrandt, Rapid preparation of all-cellulose composites by solvent welding based on the use of aqueous solvent, In European Polymer Journal, Volume 97, 2017, Pages 292-298, ISSN 0014-3057, ( Keywords: Cellulose dissolution; Tetraalkylammonium hydroxide; All-cellulose composite; Mechanical properties

Rapid preparation of all-cellulose composites by solvent welding based on the use of aqueous solvent

Saved in:
Author: Sirviö, J.A.1; Visanko, M.1; Hildebrandt, N.C.1,2
Organizations: 1Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University, Erzbergerstraße 121, 76133 Karlsruhe, Germany
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-10-16


In the present study, the dissolution of softwood fibers and fabrication of all-cellulose composites was investigated using aqueous tetraethylammonium hydroxide solution (TEAOH, 35 wt%) at room temperature. The bulk of the cellulose fibers were instantly dissolved when mixed with the solvent, and suspensions up to 3 wt% were fabricated with ease. During the dissolution, a few remaining larger fiber flocks were fully dissolved within 3 h of mixing at room temperature. TEAOH was further studied in the production of all-cellulose composites by solvent welding (partial dissolution) of cellulose fiber sheets. Tensile strength of the original cellulose sheet increased from 3.3 to 55.0 MPa only after 30 s of room-temperature solvent welding, and an increase of over 23-fold (up to 76.7 MPa) was obtained by high-pressure-aided hot-pressing of the partially dissolved sheets before drying. The demonstrated fabrication of all-cellulose composites yielded many benefits in comparison to the current dissolution systems, such as short treatment time, ambient operation conditions, and readily applicable processing solutions, which makes it a potential methodology applicable even at an industrial scale.

see all

Series: European polymer journal
ISSN: 0014-3057
ISSN-E: 1873-1945
ISSN-L: 0014-3057
Volume: 97
Pages: 292 - 298
DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.021
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Dataset Reference: Data will be made available on request.
Copyright information: © 2017 Elsevier. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http:/