University of Oulu

Päkkilä, J., Anttonen, V., Patinen, P., Nyman, K., Valkeapää, K., Birkhed, D., Tjäderhane, L., Tanner, T. (2017) Profiling of smokers and snuffers among young Finnish men – cross-sectional epidemiological study. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 75 (8), 577-583. doi:10.1080/00016357.2017.1361548

Profiling of smokers and snuffers among young Finnish men : cross-sectional epidemiological study

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Author: Päkkilä, Jari1; Anttonen, Vuokko2; Patinen, Pertti3;
Organizations: 1Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Oulu
2Medical Research Center, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu University Hospital
3Centre for Military Medicine, Finnish Defence Forces
4Finnish Defence Research Agency, Human Performance Division
5Department of Cariology, University of Gothenburg
6Medical Research Center, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu
7Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, University of Helsinki
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2017
Publish Date: 2018-08-08


Objective: The purpose of this study was to get new information from several sources about the background factors of Finnish smokers, snuffers, and dual users. Profiles of young smokers and snuffers were investigated in association with restorative treatment need, oral hygiene, eating habits, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), psychological and socioeconomic factors.

Material and methods: The study group comprised 3420 conscripts. The data were collected from four different sources: a health examination including an oral health screening, a computer-based questionnaire for investigating individual background factors, a psychological test assessing cognitive skills, and the Cooper test. Statistical analyses comprised cross tabulation and binary logistic regression modelling.

Results: The odds for smoking were the greatest among those who had DT (Decayed teeth) > 0, used energy drinks or alcohol regularly, or whose parents were divorced. A score of ≥2900 m in the Cooper test, a higher physical exercise level, a higher own education level, and using sports drinks decreased the odds for smoking. The odds for snuffing were higher among those who ran >2500 m in the Cooper test, had a BMI of ≥25, used sports/energy drinks, or exercised regularly, and lower among those who achieved good results in the cognitive test. Using energy/sports drinks or alcohol was positively and a higher education level was negatively associated with dual use.

Conclusions: Along with increasing prevalence of snuffing, heterogeneity is likely among snuffers. Good cognitive skills may prevent from smoking and snuffing.

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Series: Acta odontologica Scandinavica
ISSN: 0001-6357
ISSN-E: 1502-3850
ISSN-L: 0001-6357
Volume: 75
Issue: 8
Pages: 577 - 583
DOI: 10.1080/00016357.2017.1361548
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
313 Dentistry
Funding: This work was supported by The Finnish Dental Society Apollonia by grants to T.T. The funder had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Copyright information: © 2017 Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Society. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Acta odontologica Scandinavica on 08 Aug 2017, available online: