University of Oulu

Ylikoski, Jussi (2017) What made Proto-Germanic *jah ‘and’ an infinitive marker in westernmost Uralic? : Observations from the Saami-Scandinavian border. Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift 35 (2): 291–327.

What made Proto-Germanic *jah ‘and’ an infinitive marker in westernmost Uralic? : observations from the Saami-Scandinavian border

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Author: Ylikoski, Jussi1,2
Organizations: 1Giellagas-instituhte, FI-90014 Oulun universiteete
2Sámi allaskuvla, Hánnoluohkká 45, N-9520 Guovdageaidnu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Novus forlag, 2017
Publish Date: 2018-01-04


The paper provides an account of a previously neglected infinitive marker in South Saami. Originally recognized by Bergsland (1946), later descriptions of South Saami have disregarded the use of the coordinating conjunction jih ‘and’ as what appears to be a largely optional infinitive marker preceding the infinitive in -dh. On the basis of actual language data going back to the 1880s, it is shown that jih has been used as an infinitive marker in various dialects for over a century. Special attention is given to the unprecedented development of the infinitive marker from a coordinating conjunction. The use of jih has been modeled by the Norwegian/Swedish conjunction og/och /ɔ/ ‘and’ and the homophonous infinitive marker å/att /ɔ/. The paper discusses the development and reception of the infinitive marker from contact-linguistic and typological perspectives. The diachrony and synchrony of the coordinating-cum-infinitival morpheme also provides new perspectives to the corresponding morphemes in Scandinavian.

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Series: Norsk lingvistisk tidsskrift
ISSN: 0800-3076
ISSN-E: 2387-6719
ISSN-L: 0800-3076
Volume: 35
Pages: 291 - 327
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
Copyright information: © 2017 Jussi Ylikoski. CC BY NC ND.