University of Oulu

Koivikko, N.; Laitinen, T.; Mouammine, A.; Ojala, S.; Keiski, R.L. Catalytic Activity Studies of Vanadia/Silica–Titania Catalysts in SVOC Partial Oxidation to Formaldehyde: Focus on the Catalyst Composition. Catalysts 2018, 8, 56.

Catalytic activity studies of vanadia/silica–titania catalysts in SVOC partial oxidation to formaldehyde : focus on the catalyst composition

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Author: Koivikko, Niina1; Laitinen, Tiina1; Mouammine, Anass1,2;
Organizations: 1Environmental and Chemical Engineering (ECE), Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu
2Laboratory of Catalysis and Corrosion of Materials (LCCM), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Chouaïb Doukkali
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-02-26


In this work, silica–titania supported catalysts were prepared by a sol–gel method with various compositions. Vanadia was impregnated on SiO₂-TiO₂ with different loadings, and materials were investigated in the partial oxidation of methanol and methyl mercaptan to formaldehyde. The materials were characterized by using N₂ physisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), NH₃-TPD, and Raman techniques. The activity results show the high importance of an optimized SiO₂-TiO₂ ratio to reach a high reactant conversion and formaldehyde yield. The characteristics of mixed oxides ensure a better dispersion of the active phase on the support and in this way increase the activity of the catalysts. The addition of vanadium pentoxide on the support lowered the optimal temperature of the reaction significantly. Increasing the vanadia loading from 1.5% to 2.5% did not result in higher formaldehyde concentration. Over the 1.5%V₂O₅/SiO₂ + 30%TiO₂ catalyst, the optimal selectivity was reached at 415 °C when the maximum formaldehyde concentration was ~1000 ppm.

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Series: Catalysts
ISSN: 2073-4344
ISSN-E: 2073-4344
ISSN-L: 2073-4344
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
Article number: 56
DOI: 10.3390/catal8020056
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
216 Materials engineering
116 Chemical sciences
Funding: This work was carried out with the financial support of the Academy of Finland (ELECTRA-project), the Emil Aaltonen Foundation, the Walter Ahlström Foundation, and the Tauno Tönning foundation. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the No-Waste project funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), Marie Curie Actions under grant agreement no. PIRSES-GA-2012-317714.
Copyright information: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (