University of Oulu

Erkki Mäntymaa, Ville Ovaskainen, Artti Juutinen & Liisa Tyrväinen (2018) Integrating nature-based tourism and forestry in private lands under heterogeneous visitor preferences for forest attributes, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61:4, 724-746, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2017.1333408

Integrating nature-based tourism and forestry in private lands under heterogeneous visitor preferences for forest attributes

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Author: Mäntymaa, Erkki1; Ovaskainen, Ville2; Juutinen, Artti3;
Organizations: 1Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Oulu, Finland
2Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Helsinki, Finland
3Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), and Department of Economics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-03-07


Developing nature-based tourism in private lands calls for new mechanisms to consolidate the interests of the tourism industry, visitors, and landowners. This choice experiment study elaborates on the heterogeneity of visitors’ preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for enhanced forest amenities and ecosystem services. The survey, targeting domestic and foreign tourists visiting the Ruka-Kuusamo area in Finland, considered four attributes: landscape quality, outdoor routes, forest biodiversity, and carbon sequestration. For observed heterogeneity, the visitors were grouped by their attitudes towards forest management. Unobserved heterogeneity in visitors’ choice behaviour and WTP was examined with the latent class model. While most visitors had environmentally friendly attitudes and were willing to pay, especially for enhanced landscape quality and biodiversity, considerable heterogeneity was revealed in terms of three segments with distinctive attitudes, choice behaviour and WTP. The variation in WTP has important implications for the design of a scheme of payments for environmental management.

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Series: Journal of environmental planning and management
ISSN: 0964-0568
ISSN-E: 1360-0559
ISSN-L: 0964-0568
Volume: 61
Issue: 4
Pages: 724 - 746
DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2017.1333408
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Funding: EU Seventh Framework Programme [grant number 243950]; EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme [grant number 633838].
Copyright information: © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.