University of Oulu

Maria Lahtinen & Anna-Kaisa Salmi (2019) Mixed Livelihood Society in Iin Hamina – a Case Study of Medieval Diet in the Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland, Environmental Archaeology, 24:1, 1-14, DOI: 10.1080/14614103.2018.1444695

Mixed livelihood society in Iin Hamina : a case study of medieval diet in the Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland

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Author: Lahtinen, Maria1; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa2
Organizations: 1Finnish Museum of Natural History, Laboratory of Chronology
2Department of Archaeology, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2019
Publish Date: 2018-04-09


A stable isotope investigation of a large Medieval population buried in Iin Hamina, northern Finland, has been used to reconstruct palaeodiet. Iin Hamina is situated approximately 30 km away from the modern city Oulu, in close proximity to the Bothnian Bay coast and the river Ii. The material used in this study is human skeletal material from an Iin Hamina cemetery dated as 15 to 17th centuries AD and animal bones excavated in Northern Ostrobothnia from pre-industrial contexts. Stable isotope analysis of well-preserved collagen indicate that both freshwater and marine fish was the dominant protein source for the people buried at the Iin Hamina cemetery.

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Series: Environmental archaeology
ISSN: 1461-4103
ISSN-E: 1749-6314
ISSN-L: 1461-4103
Volume: 24
Issue: 1
Pages: 1 - 14
DOI: 10.1080/14614103.2018.1444695
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Copyright information: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.