University of Oulu

Päivi Lujala, An analysis of the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative implementation process, World Development, Volume 107, 2018, Pages 358-381, ISSN 0305-750X,

An analysis of the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative implementation process

Saved in:
Author: Lujala, Päivi1,2
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, PL 8000, 90014, Finland
2Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-06-11


The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) has become an international hallmark of the efforts to promote better extractive-sector management and improved societal development in natural resource-rich countries. Since its establishment in 2003, a large number of resource-dependent countries have committed to the EITI Standard, and support of the EITI from donors, nongovernmental organizations, and extractive industry companies has been vast. To understand whether and how adherence to the EITI Standard can affect resource governance and development, it is crucial to examine what factors influence a country’s decision to join and implement the Standard. This article examines why and how rapidly countries adopt the Standard using survival analysis methods and a global dataset on countries’ progress in implementing the EITI Standard. It finds that several factors influence progress and proposes that these can be categorized as internal motivation, internal capacity, and external pressure to implement the Standard. This article contributes to understanding why the EITI Standard implementation stalls in some countries whereas it progresses in others. Importantly, it outlines which factors need to be controlled for in studies that seek to evaluate the impact of the EITI on resource governance and societal development, and argues that such impact evaluations need to correct for the selection biases in countries’ decisions to commit to and implement the EITI Standard.

see all

Series: World development
ISSN: 0305-750X
ISSN-E: 1873-5991
ISSN-L: 0305-750X
Volume: 107
Pages: 358 - 381
DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.02.030
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Funding: This work was supported by the Research Council of Norway [Grant No. 231757] and the Academy of Finland [Grant Nos. 314143 and 309206].
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 314143
Detailed Information: 314143 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
309206 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (