University of Oulu

Bai, Y., Jantunen, H., Juuti, J. (2018) Energy Harvesting Research: The Road from Single Source to Multisource. Adv. Mater., 30 (34), 1707271. doi:10.1002/adma.201707271

Energy harvesting research : the road from single source to multisource

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Author: Bai, Yang1; Jantunen, Heli1; Juuti, Jari1
Organizations: 1Microelectronics Research Unit, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-08-24


Energy harvesting technology may be considered an ultimate solution to replace batteries and provide a long‐term power supply for wireless sensor networks. Looking back into its research history, individual energy harvesters for the conversion of single energy sources into electricity are developed first, followed by hybrid counterparts designed for use with multiple energy sources. Very recently, the concept of a truly multisource energy harvester built from only a single piece of material as the energy conversion component is proposed. This review, from the aspect of materials and device configurations, explains in detail a wide scope to give an overview of energy harvesting research. It covers single‐source devices including solar, thermal, kinetic and other types of energy harvesters, hybrid energy harvesting configurations for both single and multiple energy sources and single material, and multisource energy harvesters. It also includes the energy conversion principles of photovoltaic, electromagnetic, piezoelectric, triboelectric, electrostatic, electrostrictive, thermoelectric, pyroelectric, magnetostrictive, and dielectric devices. This is one of the most comprehensive reviews conducted to date, focusing on the entire energy harvesting research scene and providing a guide to seeking deeper and more specific research references and resources from every corner of the scientific community.

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Series: Advanced materials
ISSN: 0935-9648
ISSN-E: 1521-4095
ISSN-L: 0935-9648
Volume: 30
Issue: 34
Article number: 1707271
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201707271
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: The authors would like to acknowledge the funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement number 705437. J.J. acknowledges the funding from the Academy of Finland (project numbers 267573 and 304033).
EU Grant Number: (705437) NextGEnergy - Next Generation Power Sources for Self-sustainable Devices – Integrated Multi-source Energy Harvesters
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 267573
Detailed Information: 267573 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
304033 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bai, Y., Jantunen, H., Juuti, J. (2018) Energy Harvesting Research: The Road from Single Source to Multisource. Adv. Mater., 30 (34), 1707271. doi:10.1002/adma.201707271, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.