University of Oulu

Mainela, T., Puhakka, V., Sipola, S. (2018) International entrepreneurship beyond individuals and firms: On the systemic nature of international opportunities. Journal of Business Venturing, 33 (4), 534-550. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.04.002

International entrepreneurship beyond individuals and firms : on the systemic nature of international opportunities

Saved in:
Author: Mainela, Tuija1; Puhakka, Vesa1; Sipola, Sakari1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu Business School
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-09-06


The present study approaches opportunities in international entrepreneurship from a systemic perspective. Based on research on the collectiveness of opportunities in international entrepreneurship and the concepts of activity and object from activity theory, we develop a systemic conceptualization of opportunity-oriented international entrepreneurship. Through an empirical study in Finland and Israel, we depict six collective opportunity beliefs, considered from the viewpoints of society, international venture, and outcome expectations. Furthermore, we induce three modalities for international opportunity as the object of collective activity and model systemic opportunity shaping as the core activity of international entrepreneurship.

see all

Series: Journal of business venturing
ISSN: 0883-9026
ISSN-E: 1873-2003
ISSN-L: 0883-9026
Volume: 33
Issue: 4
Pages: 534 - 550
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.04.002
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 512 Business and management
Copyright information: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (