University of Oulu

Jean-Nicolas Louis, Stéphane Allard, Vincent Debusschere, Silvana Mima, Tuan Tran-Quoc, Nouredine Hadjsaid, Environmental impact indicators for the electricity mix and network development planning towards 2050 – A POLES and EUTGRID model, Energy, Volume 163, 2018, Pages 618-628, ISSN 0360-5442, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.093

Environmental impact indicators for the electricity mix and network development planning towards 2050 : A POLES and EUTGRID model

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Author: Louis, Jean-Nicolas1; Allard, Stéphane2,3,4; Debusschere, Vincent2;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Energy and Environmental Engineering, P.O.Box 4300, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
2Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP¹, G2Elab, 38000, Grenoble, France (¹Institute of Engineering Univ. Grenoble Alpes)
3Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, INRA, Grenoble INP¹, GAEL, 38000, Grenoble, France (¹Institute of Engineering Univ. Grenoble Alpes)
4CEA-INES, 50 Avenue du Lac Léman, 73375, Le Bourget-du-Lac, France
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2018090734786
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2018
Publish Date: 2020-08-16
Description:

Abstract

Most prospective studies of the European power system rely on least-cost evaluations. This study assessed the influence of environmental impact indicators on prioritisation of ‘dispatchable’ technologies in the European energy mix up to 2050, compared with a purely cost-optimal system based on carbon tax incentives, without suppressing economic growth considerations. A model that combined the Prospective Outlook for Long-term Energy Systems model (POLES) and the European and Transmission Grid Investment and Dispatch model (EUTGRID)was used in the analysis. Combined current and prospective life cycle assessment (LCA) methodologies were added to the EUTGRID model to include environmental considerations in the decision-making process. Shifting from an economic to an environmental merit order in prioritisation increased the share of renewables by 2.65% (with variations between countries) and decreased overall emissions by 9.00%. This involved a change in grid infrastructure. Investments were found to be more important when optimisation was based on an environmental criterion on new high-voltage AC power lines, which resulted in a 1.50% increase in the overall cost of the power system. Finally, considering an environmental, instead of an economic, merit order allowed decarbonisation to be achieved slightly faster, resulting in lower cumulative greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere.

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Series: Energy
ISSN: 0360-5442
ISSN-E: 0360-5442
ISSN-L: 0360-5442
Volume: 163
Pages: 618 - 628
DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.093
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.093
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
218 Environmental engineering
Subjects:
Funding: This research was made possible by funding provided by the Academy of Finland for the SEN2050 project (Decision 287748) and strategic funding for research at the University of Oulu, and a grant from the ARC-4 Energies Région Auvergne Rhône-Alpes, France.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 287748
Detailed Information: 287748 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Dataset Reference: Louis JN. Data for: environmental impact indicators for the electricity mix and network development planning towards 2050 - a POLES and EUTGRID model. Mendeley Data 2018. https://doi.org/10.17632/bch6yb6j63.1.
  http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/bch6yb6j63.1
Copyright information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/