University of Oulu

Lopez-Fernandez, O.; Kuss, D.J.; Pontes, H.M.; Griffiths, M.D.; Dawes, C.; Justice, L.V.; Männikkö, N.; Kääriäinen, M.; Rumpf, H.-J.; Bischof, A.; Gässler, A.-K.; Romo, L.; Kern, L.; Morvan, Y.; Rousseau, A.; Graziani, P.; Demetrovics, Z.; Király, O.; Schimmenti, A.; Passanisi, A.; Lelonek-Kuleta, B.; Chwaszcz, J.; Chóliz, M.; Zacarés, J.J.; Serra, E.; Dufour, M.; Rochat, L.; Zullino, D.; Achab, S.; Landrø, N.I.; Suryani, E.; Hormes, J.M.; Ponce Terashima, J.; Billieux, J. Measurement Invariance of the Short Version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ-SV) across Eight Languages. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1213

Measurement invariance of the short version of the problematic mobile phone use questionnaire (PMPUQ-SV) across eight languages

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Author: Lopez-Fernandez, Olatz1,2; Kuss, Daria J.1; Pontes, Halley M.1;
Organizations: 1International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG1 4FQ, UK
2Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology, Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
3Department of Social Services and Rehabilitation, Oulu University of Applied Sciences, 90220 Oulu, Finland
4Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, 90014 Oulu, Finland
5Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Lübeck, 23538 Lübeck, Germany
6EA 4430 Clinique Psychanalyse Développement (CLIPSYD), Université Paris Nanterre, France; U894 Centre de Psychiatrie et Neurosciences, (CPN), Inserm, 92000 Paris, France
7EA 2931, Centre de Recherches sur le Sport et le Mouvement (CESRM), Université Paris Nanterre, 92000 Nanterre, France
8Psychology Department, PSITEC EA 4074, Université Lille Nord de France, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
9LPS EA 849, Aix-Marseille University, 13007 Marseille, France
10Psychologie, Langues, Lettres et Histoire Département, University of Nîmes, 30000 Nîmes, France
11Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1064 Budapest, Hungary
12Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, UKE—Kore University of Enna, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy
13Department of Family Science and Social Work, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
14Department of Psychology, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
15Department of Basic Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
16Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
17Service de Toxicomanie, Faculte de medicine Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Qc, J4K 0A8, Canada
18Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
19Department of Psychiatry—Research Unit Addictive Disorders, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
20Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry—Addiction Division, University Hospitals of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
21Clinical Neuroscience Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
22Department Psychiatry and Behavior, School of Medicine and Health Science, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta 14440, Indonesia
23Department of Psychology, University at Albany State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA
24University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center/Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
25Addictive and Compulsive Behaviours Lab (ACB-lab), Institute for Health and Behaviour, University of Luxembourg, 4366 Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-09-17


The prevalence of mobile phone use across the world has increased greatly over the past two decades. Problematic Mobile Phone Use (PMPU) has been studied in relation to public health and comprises various behaviours, including dangerous, prohibited, and dependent use. These types of problematic mobile phone behaviours are typically assessed with the short version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ–SV). However, to date, no study has ever examined the degree to which the PMPU scale assesses the same construct across different languages. The aims of the present study were to (i) determine an optimal factor structure for the PMPUQ–SV among university populations using eight versions of the scale (i.e., French, German, Hungarian, English, Finnish, Italian, Polish, and Spanish); and (ii) simultaneously examine the measurement invariance (MI) of the PMPUQ–SV across all languages. The whole study sample comprised 3038 participants. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were extracted from the demographic and PMPUQ-SV items. Individual and multigroup confirmatory factor analyses alongside MI analyses were conducted. Results showed a similar pattern of PMPU across the translated scales. A three-factor model of the PMPUQ-SV fitted the data well and presented with good psychometric properties. Six languages were validated independently, and five were compared via measurement invariance for future cross-cultural comparisons. The present paper contributes to the assessment of problematic mobile phone use because it is the first study to provide a cross-cultural psychometric analysis of the PMPUQ-SV.

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Series: International journal of environmental research and public health
ISSN: 1661-7827
ISSN-E: 1660-4601
ISSN-L: 1661-7827
Volume: 15
Issue: 6
Article number: 1213
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15061213
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 515 Psychology
Funding: The present study was supported, first, by the European Commission (“Tech Use Disorders”; FP7-PEOPLE-2013- IEF-627999) through a Marie Curie postdoctoral grant awarded to O.L.-F. (supervisor: J.B.). Second, by the Psychology Department QR Funding at Nottingham Trent University, through a Kickstarter bid grant (2017) awarded to O.L.-F. to develop studies on ‘Internet and mobile phone addiction: Cross-cultural epidemiological studies’. O.L.-F. also acknowledges the support of Kim Hoffman from the International Center for Advanced Research and Applied Science (INCAAS), Peru; Carmen Margarita Ilizarbe Pizarro, Universidad Antonio Ruiz de Montoya, Peru; and Katarzyna Gajewska from the Polish Foundation for Humanitarian Aid ‘Res Humanae’, Poland. The Hungarian part of the study was supported by the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (grant number: K111938; KKP126835). O.K. acknowledges the support of the ÚNKP-17-4 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities.
Copyright information: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).