University of Oulu

Kaakinen, Pirjo; Železnik, Uroš; Kyngäs, Helvi; Železnik, Danica (2018) Self-evaluation of lifestyle and assessment of health condition by clinical measurements : a call to the rural population. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice 8(11): 30-34.

Self-evaluation of lifestyle and assessment of health condition by clinical measurements : a call to the rural population

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Author: Kaakinen, Pirjo1; Železnik, Uroš2; Kyngäs, Helvi1,3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Quality of Life and Healthy Lifestyle Centre, University College of Health Sciences Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia
3Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Finland
4University College of Health Sciences Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Sciedu Press, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-09-17


Background: Although many people know that a healthy lifestyle prevents chronic diseases and improves the quality of life, the best way to invite people from rural areas to take part in health check-ups is still unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the lifestyle and health condition of people from the Carinthia regions in Slovenia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 140 participants. Data were collected by questionnaire and clinical measurements and were analysed by descriptive statistical methods.

Results: Most of the participants were ≥ 60 years old (62%) and 61% were women, 75% had a high BMI and 64% had elevated blood pressure. The older participants ate breakfast more often than younger participants (p = .010). There was a statistically significant connection between the number of daily hot meals and BMI (p = .026) and blood pressure (p = .049). Half of the participants (51%) drank a litre of water per day as recommended. Hiking was the most popular form of physical activity.

Conclusions: The study findings recommended using a new way to call people in health check-ups in rural areas and provided information about the kind of lifestyle counselling rural people may need.

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Series: Journal of nursing education and practice
ISSN: 1925-4040
ISSN-E: 1925-4059
ISSN-L: 1925-4040
Volume: 8
Issue: 11
Pages: 30 - 34
DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v8n11p30
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Copyright information: © Authors 2018. Copyrights for articles are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal/publisher. Authors have rights to reuse, republish, archive, and distribute their own articles after publication.