University of Oulu

Kalle Nuortimo, Timo Eriksson, Reijo Kuivalainen, Janne Härkönen, Harri Haapasalo, Timo Hyppänen; Tackling boundaries of CCS in market deployment of second-generation oxy-fuel technology, Clean Energy, Volume 2, Issue 1, 6 July 2018, Pages 72–81,

Tackling boundaries of CCS in market deployment of second-generation oxy-fuel technology

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Author: Nuortimo, Kalle1; Eriksson, Timo2; Kuivalainen, Reijo1;
Organizations: 1Sumitomo SHI FW Energia Oy, P.O. Box 201 FI-78201 Varkaus, Finland
2Sumitomo SHI FW Energia Oy, P.O. Box 7FI-02130 Espoo, Finland
3Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4610, FI-90014, Finland
4LUT School of Energy Systems, PL 20, 53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Oxford University Press, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-10-09


This article discusses the market potential estimation results at different stages of second-generation oxy-fuel technology for carbon capture and storage, where oxygen content is increased in order to increase efficiency and product life cycle. The article highlights the challenges to commercializing an energy technology with long development lead times. Challenges related to external market environment, regulations and market price for carbon dioxide (CO₂) also need to be resolved. The study is based on a second-generation oxy-CFB technology evaluation, SWOT analysis and product life-cycle estimation. The commercialization of second-generation oxy-fuel technology, estimated as a basis of oxy-CFB technology, is largely found to be dependent on technical, sociological and economical aspects related to the energy market environment. The CO₂ price in European Union (EU) emissions trading is currently below 10 €/ton, which does not favour investment in CCS. CO₂ storage also faces public opposition and EU directive limitations. The CO₂ price needs to be in the range of 30 €/ton by 2030, the estimated time of commercialization. Technological development or subsidies would also be required for the second-generation oxy-CFB power production concept to become viable. This is one of the critical factors in market deployment as the price development is influenced by several external factors, including the EU’s environmental policy, politics and public acceptance.

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Series: Clean energy
ISSN: 2515-4230
ISSN-E: 2515-396X
ISSN-L: 2515-4230
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Pages: 72 - 81
DOI: 10.1093/ce/zky002
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 222 Other engineering and technologies
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of National Institute of Clean-and-Low-Carbon Energy. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact