University of Oulu

J. J. Lin, J. Malila and N. L. Prisle , Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts , 2018, DOI: 10.1039/C8EM00345A

Cloud droplet activation of organic–salt mixtures predicted from two model treatments of the droplet surface

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Author: Lin, Jack J.1; Malila, Jussi1; Prisle, Nønne L.1
Organizations: 1Nano and Molecular Systems Research Unit, P. O. Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2018102939008
Language: English
Published: The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-10-29
Description:

Abstract

The droplet surface plays important roles in the interaction between organic aerosols with clouds and climate. Surface active organic compounds can partition to the droplet surface, depleting solute from the droplet bulk or depressing the droplet surface tension. This may in turn affect the shape of the droplet growth curve, threshold of aerosol activation into cloud droplets, as well as activated droplet size distributions, and cloud radiative effects. In this work, a new monolayer model along with a traditional Gibbs adsorption isotherm model were used in conjunction with equilibrium Köhler theory to predict CCN activation of both simple and complex surface active model aerosol systems. For the surface active aerosol considered, the monolayer droplet model produces similar results to the Gibbs model as well as comparable results to CCN measurements from literature, even for systems where specific molecular identities and aqueous properties are unknown. The monolayer model is self-contained, fully prognostic, and provides a versatile, conceptually simple, yet physically-based model for understanding the role of organic surfactants in cloud droplet formation.

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Series: Environmental science. Processes & impacts
ISSN: 2050-7887
ISSN-E: 2050-7895
ISSN-L: 2050-7887
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1039/C8EM00345A
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1039/C8EM00345A
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 114 Physical sciences
116 Chemical sciences
Subjects:
Funding: This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Project SURFACE (Grant Agreement No. 717022). The authors also gratefully acknowledge the financial contribution from the Academy of Finland, including Grant No. 308238.
EU Grant Number: (717022) SURFACE - The unexplored world of aerosol surfaces and their impacts.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 308238
Detailed Information: 308238 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: This journal is © the Owner Societies 2018. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/