University of Oulu

Pihlajamäki, M., Sarkki, S., Haapasaari, P. (2018) Food security and safety in fisheries governance – A case study on Baltic herring. Marine Policy, 97, 211-219. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2018.06.003

Food security and safety in fisheries governance : a case study on Baltic herring

Saved in:
Author: Pihlajamäki, Mia1,2,3; Sarkki, Simo4; Haapasaari, Päivi2,5
Organizations: 1Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research Group, University of Oulu
2Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki
3Faculty of Management, University of Tampere
4Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu
5Innovative Fisheries Management (IFM), Department of Planning, Aalborg University
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-11-14


One of the objectives of the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is to increase the contribution of fisheries to fish food availability and self-sufficiency. Still, the use of catch is often a secondary concern in fisheries governance and management — or not a concern at all — while the focus is on harvesting. This paper examines how the use of forage fish for human consumption can be increased within the limits of sustainability, using Baltic herring as a case study. Baltic herring contains high levels of dioxins and the human consumption is very low: the catches are mostly used for industrial purposes. The paper uses a participatory backcasting exercise to define a desirable future vision for the use of Baltic herring catch and to develop pathways of actor-specific governance actions to increase the use of the fish as a safe-to-eat food. The results reveal that increasing the contribution of forage fish, such as Baltic herring, to food security entails a paradigm shift in fisheries governance that involves 1) inclusion of well-defined objectives for catch use in the EU CFP and the related regional multiannual plans, 2) broadening the scope of the MSY-driven governance and management to one that addresses catch use, and 3) proactive catch use governance.

see all

Series: Marine policy
ISSN: 0308-597X
ISSN-E: 1872-9460
ISSN-L: 0308-597X
Volume: 97
Pages: 211 - 219
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.06.003
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
517 Political science
Funding: This paper is a contribution from the BONUS GOHERR project (Integrated governance of Baltic herring and salmon stocks involving stakeholders), and it has received funding from BONUS (Art 185), funded jointly by the EU and the Academy of Finland.
Copyright information: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (