University of Oulu

Virtanen, J.-P., Hyyppä, H., Kurkela, M., Vaaja, M., Puustinen, T., Jaalama, K., Julin, A., Pouke, M., Kukko, A., Turppa, T., Zhu, L., Ojala, T., & Hyyppä, J. (2018). Browser based 3D for the built environment. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 13(1), 54-76.

Browser based 3D for the built environment

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Author: Virtanen, Juho-Pekka1,2; Hyyppä, Hannu1; Kurkela, Matti1;
Organizations: 1Aalto University School of Engineering, Department of Built Environment
2Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI
3University of Oulu, Center for Ubiquitous Computing
4VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Finnish Society of Surveying Sciences, 2018
Publish Date: 2018-12-21


Digital 3D geometric models have become a central tool for geo-information. For many participatory and collaborative applications, distributing these models easily is essential. Several technical solutions exist for creating online systems that facilitate the study of 3D models in the context of the built environment. To provide an overview on browser based interactive 3D visualizations, we present a set of existing systems applied in Finland, and discuss their common properties and differences. To obtain first-hand experience, we experiment with an online 3D application development platform. The systems studied show a high potential for browser based 3D applications: interactive visualizations with multi-user characteristics and dynamic elements can be built by leveraging the 3D web technologies. Finally, we suggest a framework for discussing browser based 3D systems, covering the spectrum of possibilities available in modern web-based 3D for built environment applications.

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Series: Nordic journal of surveying and real estate research
ISSN: 1459-5877
ISSN-E: 2341-6599
ISSN-L: 1459-5877
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Pages: 54 - 76
DOI: 10.30672/njsr.67846
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
212 Civil and construction engineering
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: The authors would like to thank the Finnish funding agency for the support of Varpu project (7031/31/2016). The authors are grateful to the Academy of Finland for their support of the Center of Excellence in Laser Scanning Research (CoE‐LaSR; 272195) and the Strategic Research Council project "Competence Based Growth Through Integrated Disruptive Technologies of 3D Digitalization, Robotics, Geospatial Information and Image Processing/Computing – Point Cloud Ecosystem (293389/314312)”. The European Regional Development Fund (ERFD) is acknowledged for the support of AKAI project (301130).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 272195
Detailed Information: 272195 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
293389 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
314312 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: Copyright (c) 2018 Juho-Pekka Virtanen, Hannu Hyyppä, Matti Kurkela, Matti T Vaaja, Tuulia Puustinen, Kaisa Jaalama, Arttu Julin, Matti Pouke, Antero Kukko, Tuomas Turppa, Lingli Zhu, Timo Ojala, Juha Hyyppä. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.