University of Oulu

Järvenoja, H., Järvelä, S., Törmänen, T., Näykki, P., Malmberg, J., Kurki, K., Mykkänen, A., Isohätälä, J. (2018) Capturing motivation and emotion regulation during a learning process. Frontline Learning Research, 6 (3), 85-104. doi:10.14786/flr.v6i3.369

Capturing motivation and emotion regulation during a learning process

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Author: Järvenoja, Hanna1; Järvelä, Sanna1; Törmänen, Tiina1;
Organizations: 1Learning & Educational Technology Research Unit (LET), University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-01-31


This paper describes our research approach in which we have focused on situational and contextual variations in motivation and emotion regulation to better understand its role, appearance and function in collaborative learning situations. We have used research designs that employ process-oriented measures combined with subjective interpretations to capture motivation and emotion regulation. Analysing on-line process data poses several challenges such as variation in the granularity of different data sources, problems that emerge due to the complexity of contextual and situational factors in ecologically-valid learning situations or, currently, challenges in the use of multiple data channels and their analyses.

In this paper, we present three claims underlying our research, particularly the motivationand emotions and their regulation in learning. The claims are as follows: (1) motivation and emotion regulation is situation and context specific, (2) motivation and emotion regulation is influenced by multi-layered nature of motivationand(3) Motivation and emotion regulation is intertwined with other processes of learning and can be captured from their temporal manifestation. We present an example from our empirical study to discuss how these claims have led us to employ multiple process-oriented methods that include both subjective and objective data sources, including different combinations of situation-specific self-reports, video and physiological data. We then describe opportunities and challenges involved in the empirical studies.

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Series: Frontline learning research
ISSN: 2295-3159
ISSN-E: 2295-3159
ISSN-L: 2295-3159
Volume: 6
Issue: 3
Pages: 85 - 104
DOI: 10.14786/flr.v6i3.369
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This work was supported by the Finnish Academy [grant number 297686; 24302574; 316129].
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 297686
Detailed Information: 297686 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
316129 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: FLR adopts the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs Creative Common License (BY-NC-ND). That is, Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the authors with, however, first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings.