University of Oulu

Ohenoja, M., Ruusunen, M., Leiviskä, K. (2018) Hierarchical Control of an Integrated Fuel Processing and Fuel Cell System. Materials, 12 (1), 21. doi:10.3390/ma12010021

Hierarchical control of an integrated fuel processing and fuel cell system

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Author: Ohenoja, Markku1; Ruusunen, Mika1; Leiviskä, Kauko1
Organizations: 1Control Engineering, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-02-01


An advanced model-based control method for the integrated fuel processing and a fuel cell system consisting of ethanol reforming, hydrogen purification, and a proton exchange membrane fuel cell is presented. For process identification, a physical model of the process chain was constructed. Subsequently, the simulated process was approximated with data-driven control models. Based on these control models, a hierarchical control framework consisting of model predictive controller and a global optimization algorithm was introduced. The performance of the new control method was evaluated with simulations. Results indicate that the new optimization concept enables resource efficient and fast control of the studied energy conversion process. Fast and efficient fuel cell process could then provide sustainable power source for autonomous and mobile applications in the future.

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Series: Materials
ISSN: 1996-1944
ISSN-E: 1996-1944
ISSN-L: 1996-1944
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Article number: 21
DOI: 10.3390/ma12010021
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 215 Chemical engineering
Funding: This research was partly funded by the Academy of Finland through the project SEN2050 (grant number 287748).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 287748
Detailed Information: 287748 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (