University of Oulu

Knapen, J., Comerón, S., Seidel, M. (2019) MUSE-AO view of the starburst–AGN connection: NGC 7130. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 621, L5. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834669

MUSE-AO view of the starburst–AGN connection: NGC 7130

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Author: Knapen, J. H.1,2,3; Comerón, S.4; Seidel, M. K.5
Organizations: 1Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
2Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna
3Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University
4University of Oulu, Astronomy Research Unit
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: EDP Sciences, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-02-01


We present the discovery of a small kinematically decoupled core of 0.″2 (60 pc) in radius as well as an outflow jet in the archetypical AGN–starburst “composite” galaxy NGC 7130 from integral field data obtained with the adaptive optics-assisted MUSE-NFM instrument on the VLT. Correcting the already good natural seeing at the time of our science verification observations with the four-laser GALACSI AO system, we reach an unprecedented spatial resolution at optical wavelengths of around 0.″15. We confirm the existence of star-forming knots arranged in a ring of 0.″58 (185 pc) in radius around the nucleus, previously observed from UV and optical Hubble Space Telescope and CO(6-5) ALMA imaging. We determine the position of the nucleus as the location of a peak in gas velocity dispersion. A plume of material extends towards the NE from the nucleus until at least the edge of our field of view at 2″ (640 pc) radius which we interpret as an outflow jet originating in the AGN. The plume is not visible morphologically, but is clearly characterised in our data by emission-line ratios characteristic of AGN emission, enhanced gas velocity dispersion, and distinct non-circular gas velocities. Its orientation is roughly perpendicular to the line of nodes of the rotating host galaxy disc. A circumnuclear area of positive and negative velocities of 0.″2 in radius indicates a tiny inner disc, which can only be seen after combining the integral field spectroscopic capabilities of MUSE with adaptive optics.

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Series: Astronomy and astrophysics
ISSN: 0004-6361
ISSN-E: 1432-0746
ISSN-L: 0004-6361
Volume: 621
Article number: L5
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834669
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Funding: J.H.K. acknowledges financial support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 721463 to the SUNDIAL ITN network, from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) under grant number AYA2016-76219-P, from the Fundación BBVA under its 2017 programme of assistance to scientific research groups, for the project “Using machine-learning techniques to drag galaxies from the noise in deep imaging”, and from the Leverhulme Trust through the award of a Visiting Professorship at LJMU. Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement.
Copyright information: © ESO 2019. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.