University of Oulu

Nikula, RP., Karioja, K., Leiviskä, K. et al. J Intell Manuf (2019) 30: 1563.

Prediction of mechanical stress in roller leveler based on vibration measurements and steel strip properties

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Author: Nikula, Riku-Pekka1; Karioja, Konsta2; Leiviskä, Kauko1;
Organizations: 1Control Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Mechatronics and Machine Diagnostics, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4200, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2018-01-19


The continuous development of steel products generates new challenges for the maintenance of manufacturing machines in steel mills. Substantial mechanical stress is inflicted on the machines during the processing of modern high-strength steels. This increases the risks of damage and flaws in the processed material may appear if the capability of a machine is exceeded. Therefore, new approaches are needed to prevent the machine condition from deteriorating. This study introduces an approach to the prediction of mechanical stress inflicted on a roller leveler during the processing of cold steel strips. The relative stress level is indicated by features extracted from an acceleration signal. These features are based on the calculation of generalized norms. Steel strip properties are used as explanatory variables in regression models to predict values for the extracted vibration features. The models tested in this study include multiple linear regression, partial least squares regression and generalized regression neural network. The models were tested using an extensive data set from a roller leveler that is in continuous operation in a steel mill. The prediction accuracy of the best models identified indicates that the relative stress level inflicted by each steel strip could be predicted based on its properties.

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Series: Journal of intelligent manufacturing
ISSN: 0956-5515
ISSN-E: 1572-8145
ISSN-L: 0956-5515
Volume: 30
Issue: 4
Pages: 1563 - 1579
DOI: 10.1007/s10845-017-1341-3
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
214 Mechanical engineering
Copyright information: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in J Intell Manuf. The final authenticated version is available online at: