University of Oulu

Ijaz Ahmad, Tanesh Kumar, Madhusanka Liyanage, Mika Ylianttila, Timo Koskela, Timo Braysy, Antti Anttonen, Vesa Pentikinen, Juha- Pekka Soininen, Jyrki Huusko, Towards gadget-free internet services: A roadmap of the Naked world, Telematics and Informatics, Volume 35, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 82-92, ISSN 0736-5853,

Towards gadget-free internet services : a roadmap of the naked world

Saved in:
Author: Ahmad, Ijaz1; Kumar, Tanesh1; Liyanage, Madhusanka1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC), University of Oulu, P.O.Box 4500, FI 90014, Finland
2Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, P.O.Box 4500, FI 90014, Finland
3VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 90570 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 10.2 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-10-05


This paper presents a roadmap for the transition from current gadget-centric digital services towards a gadget-free services environment called the Naked world. The main idea of the Naked world is that all the services which are currently provided by gadgets will be provided by the infrastructure, thus no gadgets will be needed to use any kind of digital services. When a user in the Naked world intends to use a service, the infrastructure senses the user, the nearby intelligent surrounding launches an interactive user interface, performs identification through biometric identities, provides the service, and then closes the session when the user finishes the job. Therefore, the Naked world comprises highly intelligent and context-aware interactive environments. The vision of the Naked world is an evolution towards a user-friendly and ubiquitously available digital services, which is naturally bounded by the technological advancement. Henceforth, this paper presents the essential technologies and functional requirements along with the current and forthcoming novel technological concepts and challenges for the realization of the Naked world.

see all

Series: Telematics and informatics
ISSN: 0736-5853
ISSN-E: 1879-324X
ISSN-L: 0736-5853
Volume: 25
Issue: 1
Pages: 82 - 92
DOI: 10.1016/j.tele.2017.09.020
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work has been supported by TEKES under project The Naked Approach Nordic perspective to gadget-free hyper connected environments. The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of their colleagues in the project.
Copyright information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license