Kirsi Halttu & Harri Oinas-Kukkonen (2017) Persuading to Reflect: Role of Reflection and Insight in Persuasive Systems Design for Physical Health, Human–Computer Interaction, 32:5-6, 381-412, DOI: 10.1080/07370024.2017.1283227
Persuading to reflect : role of reflection and insight in persuasive systems design for physical health
|Author:||Halttu, Kirsi1; Oinas-Kukkonen, Harri1|
1University of Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe201902215905
|Publish Date:|| 2018-04-03
Mobile applications and self-tracking devices help us to maintain health and support our goals in changing our behaviors. Most of these tools aim to increase our self-knowledge by providing information upon which to reflect. However, merely spending time reflecting does not always lead to insightful outcomes. In this study surveying users of mobile health and fitness applications (N = 147), we have used structural equation modeling to explore the need for and roles of reflection and insight in the persuasive systems design model. The findings suggest that both dialogue support and primary task support features influence the need for reflection, paving the way to personal insight. The perceived credibility of the system played different roles for women and men and seemed to originate from different sources. In addition, we found significant roles for the attitude and unobtrusiveness of the system. This article contributes to positioning the reflective capabilities of a system in the design framework of persuasive systems and makes preliminary suggestions regarding how to transform the need for reflection into insights. It also exemplifies how to evaluate behavior change technologies by assessing the psychological outcomes of the intervention.
|Pages:||381 - 412|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
This research has been partly supported by a grant from Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation, as part of the Digital Health Revolution program. This multidisciplinary program is coordinated and managed by the Center for Health and Technology, University of Oulu, Finland.
© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Human-computer interaction : a journal of theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues of user psychology and of system design on April 3rd 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/07370024.2017.1283227.