University of Oulu

Boy, M., Thomson, E. S., Acosta Navarro, J.-C., Arnalds, O., Batchvarova, E., Bäck, J., Berninger, F., Bilde, M., Brasseur, Z., Dagsson-Waldhauserova, P., Castarède, D., Dalirian, M., de Leeuw, G., Dragosics, M., Duplissy, E.-M., Duplissy, J., Ekman, A. M. L., Fang, K., Gallet, J.-C., Glasius, M., Gryning, S.-E., Grythe, H., Hansson, H.-C., Hansson, M., Isaksson, E., Iversen, T., Jonsdottir, I., Kasurinen, V., Kirkevåg, A., Korhola, A., Krejci, R., Kristjansson, J. E., Lappalainen, H. K., Lauri, A., Leppäranta, M., Lihavainen, H., Makkonen, R., Massling, A., Meinander, O., Nilsson, E. D., Olafsson, H., Pettersson, J. B. C., Prisle, N. L., Riipinen, I., Roldin, P., Ruppel, M., Salter, M., Sand, M., Seland, Ø., Seppä, H., Skov, H., Soares, J., Stohl, A., Ström, J., Svensson, J., Swietlicki, E., Tabakova, K., Thorsteinsson, T., Virkkula, A., Weyhenmeyer, G. A., Wu, Y., Zieger, P., and Kulmala, M.: Interactions between the atmosphere, cryosphere, and ecosystems at northern high latitudes, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 2015-2061, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-2015-2019, 2019.

Interactions between the atmosphere, cryosphere, and ecosystems at northern high latitudes

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Author: Boy, Michael1; Thomson, Erik S.2; Acosta Navarro, Juan-C.3;
Organizations: 1Univ Helsinki, Inst Atmospher & Earth Syst Res Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
2Univ Gothenburg, Dept Chem & Mol Biol Atmospher Sci, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.
3BSC, Earth Sci Dept, Barcelona, Spain.
4Agr Univ Iceland, Fac Agr & Environm Sci, Hvanneyri, Iceland.
5Tech Univ Denmark, DTU Wind Energy, Riso Campus, Roskilde, Denmark.
6Bulgarian Acad Sci, Natl Inst Meteorol & Hydrol, Sofia, Bulgaria.
7Univ Helsinki, Inst Atmospher & Earth Syst Res Forest, POB 27, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
8Aarhus Univ, Dept Chem, Langelandsgade 140, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.
9Univ Iceland, Dept Phys Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland.
10Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci, Prague, Czech Republic.
11Stockholm Univ, Dept Environm Sci & Analyt Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
12Finnish Meteorol Inst, Climate Res Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
13Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland.
14Stockholm Univ, Dept Meteorol, Stockholm, Sweden.
15Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
16Fujian Normal Univ, Inst Geog, Key Lab Humid Subtrop Ecogeog Proc, Fuzhou, Fujian, Peoples R China.
17Norwegian Polar Res Inst, FRAM High North Res Ctr Climate & Environm, N-9296 Tromso, Norway.
18NILU Norwegian Inst Air Res, Kjeller, Norway.
19Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
20Norwegian Meteorol Inst, Oslo, Norway.
21Univ Helsinki, Fac Biol & Environm Sci, Ecosyst & Environm Res Programme, ECRU, POB 65, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
22Univ Oslo, Dept Geosci, Oslo, Norway.
23Tyumen State Univ, Dept Cryosphere, Tyumen 625003, Russia.
24Aarhus Univ, Arct Res Ctr, Dept Environm Sci, Climate, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.
25Icelandic Meteorol Off, Reykjavik, Iceland.
26Univ Oulu, Nano & Mol Syst Res Unit, POB 3000, Oulu 90014, Finland.
27Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Nucl Phys, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
28CICERO, Oslo, Norway.
29Univ Helsinki, Dept Geosci & Geog, Helsinki, Finland.
30Air Qual Res Div Environm & Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON M3H5T4, Canada.
31Univ Iceland, Environm & Nat Resources, Reykjavik, Iceland.
32Uppsala Univ, Dept Ecol & Genet Limnol, Uppsala, Sweden.
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe201903209389
Language: English
Published: Copernicus Publications, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-03-20
Description:

Abstract

The Nordic Centre of Excellence CRAICC (Cryosphere–Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate), funded by NordForsk in the years 2011–2016, is the largest joint Nordic research and innovation initiative to date, aiming to strengthen research and innovation regarding climate change issues in the Nordic region. CRAICC gathered more than 100 scientists from all Nordic countries in a virtual centre with the objectives of identifying and quantifying the major processes controlling Arctic warming and related feedback mechanisms, outlining strategies to mitigate Arctic warming, and developing Nordic Earth system modelling with a focus on short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs), including natural and anthropogenic aerosols.

The outcome of CRAICC is reflected in more than 150 peer-reviewed scientific publications, most of which are in the CRAICC special issue of the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. This paper presents an overview of the main scientific topics investigated in the centre and provides the reader with a state-of-the-art comprehensive summary of what has been achieved in CRAICC with links to the particular publications for further detail. Faced with a vast amount of scientific discovery, we do not claim to completely summarize the results from CRAICC within this paper, but rather concentrate here on the main results which are related to feedback loops in climate change–cryosphere interactions that affect Arctic amplification.

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Series: Atmospheric chemistry and physics
ISSN: 1680-7316
ISSN-E: 1680-7324
ISSN-L: 1680-7316
Volume: 19
Issue: 3
Pages: 2015 - 2061
DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-2015-2019
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.5194/acp-19-2015-2019
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 114 Physical sciences
115 Astronomy and space science
1172 Environmental sciences
Subjects:
Funding: The CRAICC team acknowledges the following institutions for financial support: the Finnish Cultural Foundation grant, Markku Kulmala “International Working Groups”; Russian mega-grant no. 11.G34.31.0048 (University of Nizhny Novgorod); Academy of Finland contracts 259537, 257411, and 254195; Beautiful Beijing (Finland–China collaboration project) funded by TEKES; Nordforsk CRAICC-PEEX (amendment to contract 26060); CRAICC-CRUCIAL (project no. 81257); Icelandic Research Fund (Rannis) grant no. 152248-051; Danish Environmental Protection Agency with means from the Dancea fund for environmental support to the Arctic region (M 112 002700); the Villum Foundation; the Carlsberg Foundation (project 009_1_0515); COST1303 (TOPROF); COST ES1404 (HarmoSnow); and the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX). The development and use of NorESM1 was supported by the Norwegian Research Council through the projects EarthClim (207711/E10), EVA (grant no. 229771), NOTUR (nn2345k), and NorStore (ns2345k) and through the Nordic Centre of Excellence eSTICC (57001) and the EU H2020 project CRESCENDO (grant no. 641816).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 259537
257411
254195
Detailed Information: 259537 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
257411 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
254195 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/