Mikko Kärmeniemi, Tiina Lankila, Tiina Ikäheimo, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Raija Korpelainen, The Built Environment as a Determinant of Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies and Natural Experiments, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 52, Issue 3, March 2018, Pages 239–251, https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax043
The built environment as a determinant of physical activity : a systematic review of longitudinal studies and natural experiments
|Author:||Kärmeniemi, Mikko1,2,3; Lankila, Tiina4; Ikäheimo, Tiina3,5;|
1Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Oulu Deaconess Institute, Oulu, Finland
3Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Center for Environment and Respiratory Health Research (CERH), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
6Institute of Clinical Medicine (Psychiatry), University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
7Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
8Department of Psychiatry, Lapland Hospital District, Rovaniemi, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019032810352
Oxford University Press,
|Publish Date:|| 2019-03-28
Background: Physical inactivity is a global problem that increases the risk of many chronic diseases and shortens life expectancy. The built environment contributes to physical inactivity through accessibility of amenities and transportation patterns. With better urban planning, cities could be designed to enhance active transportation and population health on a permanent basis.
Purpose: We conducted a systematic review to identify determinants of the built environment associated with physical activity and to evaluate how changes in the built environment are associated with changes in physical activity.
Methods: We searched six databases, from the inception of each until December 2015, for studies that were written in English, used longitudinal before-and-after design and assessed changes in both the built environment and physical activity. A total of 21 prospective cohort studies and 30 natural experiments were included in the review.
Results: The review showed that changes in the built environment and in physical activity were related. A higher objective accessibility and new infrastructure for walking, cycling and public transportation were associated with increased overall and transportation-related physical activity. Some evidence was found for perceived aesthetics and safety as determinants of physical activity.
Conclusions: Improved objectively measured accessibility of different type of destinations and public transportation and land use mix were associated with increased physical activity. Creating new infrastructure for walking, cycling and public transportation could induce demand for walking and cycling. The results support the creation of compact and diverse residential areas and investments into infrastructure that encourage active modes of transportation.
Annals of behavioral medicine
|Pages:||239 - 251|
|Type of Publication:||
A2 Review article in a scientific journal
|Field of Science:||
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
315 Sport and fitness sciences
© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2018. All rights reserved. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Annals of Behavioral Medicine following peer review. The version of record Mikko Kärmeniemi, Tiina Lankila, Tiina Ikäheimo, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Raija Korpelainen, The Built Environment as a Determinant of Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies and Natural Experiments, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 52, Issue 3, March 2018, Pages 239–251 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax043.