University of Oulu

Netta Iivari and Marianne Kinnula. 2016. Inclusive or Inflexible: a Critical Analysis of the School Context in Supporting Children's Genuine Participation. In Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (NordiCHI '16). ACM, New York, NY, USA, Article 63, 10 pages. DOI:

Inclusive or inflexible : a critical analysis of the school context in supporting children’s genuine participation

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Author: Iivari, Netta1; Kinnula, Marianne1
Organizations: 1INTERACT Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Association for Computing Machinery, 2016
Publish Date: 2019-04-02


Relatively little attention has been paid to discussing what it means when children's participation in technology design is genuine, even though the importance of their participation is emphasized in the literature. School as a context presents multiple challenges but also numerous benefits for working with children. We examine five projects carried out with children in the school context, and critically consider in which respects this context supports genuine participation of children, in which respects it poses challenges for it, and what this implies for technology design with children. We maintain that researchers need to critically examine the goals set for children's participation: whether they are learning- or material outcome-oriented. This significantly affects the choice of the context for projects.

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ISBN Print: 978-1-4503-4763-1
Article number: 63
DOI: 10.1145/2971485.2971531
Host publication: NordiCHI '16 Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction : Gothenburg, Sweden — October 23 - 27, 2016
Conference: Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Copyright information: © Copyright is held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM. 2016 This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in In Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (NordiCHI '16),